1,527 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    How prolonged expression of Hunchback, a temporal transcription factor, re-wires locomotor circuits

    Julia L Meng et al.
    In vivo stem cell reprogramming in the well-studied stem cell NB7-1 using the classic temporal transcription factor Hunchback increases motor neuron number and re-specifies dendritic morphology and neuromuscular synaptic partnerships.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Release of cholesterol-rich particles from the macrophage plasma membrane during movement of filopodia and lamellipodia

    Xuchen Hu et al.
    Macrophages release 30-nm vesicular particles enriched in accessible cholesterol during cellular locomotion, a discovery that is likely relevant to cholesterol disposal by these cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Entrained neuronal activity to periodic visual stimuli in the primate striatum compared with the cerebellum

    Masashi Kameda et al.
    Neurons in the striatum exhibited periodic firing in monkeys attempting to detect omission of repetitive visual stimulus, while the phase of neuronal activity differed from that observed in the cerebellum.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two mechanisms regulate directional cell growth in Arabidopsis lateral roots

    Charlotte Kirchhelle et al.
    In lateral roots, cells employ a novel pathway to cell edges to control directional growth, which acts independently of the leading paradigm of oriented deposition of cellulose microfibrils at faces.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evolution of neuronal anatomy and circuitry in two highly divergent nematode species

    Ray L Hong et al.
    The substrate for evolutionary divergence does not lie in changes in neuronal cell number or targeting, but rather in sensory perception and synaptic partner choice within invariant, prepatterned neuronal processes.
    1. Cell Biology

    A critical role of VMP1 in lipoprotein secretion

    Hideaki Morishita et al.
    The ER transmembrane protein VMP1 is important for release of lipoproteins from the ER membrane into the ER lumen for secretion.
    1. Neuroscience

    TMEM16B regulates anxiety-related behavior and GABAergic neuronal signaling in the central lateral amygdala

    Ke-Xin Li et al.
    SOM+ GABAergic neuronal signaling and inhibitory transmission in the central lateral amygdala is regulated by TMEM16B, which is also involved in fear and anxiety-like behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human motor fatigability as evoked by repetitive movements results from a gradual breakdown of surround inhibition

    Marc Bächinger et al.
    Motor fatigability is associated with a decrease in inhibition throughout the motor network, suggesting that selective inhibitory control is a key mechanism to maintain motor efficiency during repetitive movements.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural state recognition facilitates tip tracking of EB1 at growing microtubule ends

    Taylor A Reid et al.
    EB1 targeting to growing microtubule plus-ends is facilitated by tapered microtubule tip structures.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Notch signalling maintains Hedgehog responsiveness via a Gli-dependent mechanism during spinal cord patterning in zebrafish

    Craig T Jacobs, Peng Huang
    Genetic analyses combining photoconvertible cell signalling reporters with gain- and loss-of function manipulations reveal a novel role for Notch signalling in controlling Hedgehog response in neural progenitor cells.

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