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    1. Cell Biology

    TRAIN (Transcription of Repeats Activates INterferon) in response to chromatin destabilization induced by small molecules in mammalian cells

    Katerina Leonova et al.
    Type I interferon signaling protects cells from the loss of epigenetic integrity, since it is activated in cells in response to accumulation of transcripts originating from normally silenced heterochromatin, caused by small-molecule-mediated nucleosome unfolding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serotonin enhances excitability and gamma frequency temporal integration in mouse prefrontal fast-spiking interneurons

    Jegath C Athilingam et al.
    Serotonin changes passive membrane properties in prefrontal fast-spiking interneurons to affect not only neuronal excitability but also the temporal filtering of synaptic inputs with a preference for gamma-frequency summation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogliaform cortical interneurons derive from cells in the preoptic area

    Mathieu Niquille et al.
    In vivo genetic lineage-tracing reveals the developmental trajectory of neurogliaform cells, the main effectors of a powerful inhibitory motif in the neocortex.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A virus-packageable CRISPR screen identifies host factors mediating interferon inhibition of HIV

    Molly OhAinle et al.
    Host restriction factors that block cross-species transmission also play a role in limiting the replication of highly-adapted HIV-1 in IFN-stimulated cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric effects of activating and inactivating cortical interneurons

    Elizabeth AK Phillips, Andrea R Hasenstaub
    The consequences of manipulating neuronal activity with techniques such as optogenetics are highly sensitive to methodological details, highlighting the need for caution when interpreting results.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Plasmacytoid dendritic cells control dengue and Chikungunya virus infections via IRF7-regulated interferon responses

    Brian Webster et al.
    In vivo study of arbovirus infections reveals the dominant role of pDC IRF7-signaling in directing both type I and II IFN responses, and leading to viral control.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Pericentromeric hypomethylation elicits an interferon response in an animal model of ICF syndrome

    Srivarsha Rajshekar et al.
    Derepression of transcripts from hypomethylated pericentromeric repeats triggers an innate immune response in an animal model of Immunodeficency, Centromere and Facial anomalies (ICF) syndrome.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adaptation of hepatitis C virus to interferon lambda polymorphism across multiple viral genotypes

    Nimisha Chaturvedi et al.
    Integrated analysis of IFN-λ and HCV amino acid variation indicates the key role of host innate immunity in viral control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Secretagogin expression delineates functionally-specialized populations of striatal parvalbumin-containing interneurons

    Farid N Garas et al.
    In rodents and primates, there are two subtypes of parvalbumin-expressing interneurons that provide novel substrates for selective inhibition in the striatum.