284 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    RecA filament sliding on DNA facilitates homology search

    Kaushik Ragunathan et al.
    A DNA–protein complex can find target sequences of bases in another DNA molecule by sliding along it.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modelling dynamics in protein crystal structures by ensemble refinement

    B Tom Burnley et al.
    A combination of molecular dynamics simulations and X-ray diffraction data has been used to construct more realistic models of proteins and to provide new insights into their interactions with other proteins and biomolecules.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Myosin motors fragment and compact membrane-bound actin filaments

    Sven K Vogel et al.
    A combination of single-molecule imaging and an in vitro model of the cell cortex has allowed the interactions between actin filaments and filaments made of myosin II to be studied in detail.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitotic spindle scaling during Xenopus development by kif2a and importin α

    Jeremy D Wilbur, Rebecca Heald
    An interaction between two proteins enables the spindle—the structure that segregates chromosome pairs during mitosis—to change size as cells divide.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A role for PVRL4-driven cell–cell interactions in tumorigenesis

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    A protein called PVRL4 has a central role in a number of cancers that originate in epithelial tissue, and anti-PVRL4 antibodies could be used to treat some of these cancers.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary principles of modular gene regulation in yeasts

    Dawn A Thompson et al.
    The divergence of gene regulation during evolution in yeast traces phylogenetic distance with prominent changes being associated with changes in lifestyle and a whole genome duplication event.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The autoregulation of a eukaryotic DNA transposon

    Corentin Claeys Bouuaert et al.
    A DNA transposon, or ‘jumping gene’, controls its amplification within a genome through a competition between the enzyme multimers that are responsible for its mobility.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Cytoplasmic dynein crosslinks and slides anti-parallel microtubules using its two motor domains

    Marvin E Tanenbaum et al.
    The motor domains of dynein are sufficient to crosslink microtubules and slide them antiparallel to each other.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Three-color single molecule imaging shows WASP detachment from Arp2/3 complex triggers actin filament branch formation

    Benjamin A Smith et al.
    New insights into the mechanism responsible for the nucleation of branches on networks of actin filaments shed light on a process that is essential for eukaryotic cell motility and endocytosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultrafast endocytosis at Caenorhabditis elegans neuromuscular junctions

    Shigeki Watanabe et al.
    Optogenetics has revealed that synaptic vesicles can be recycled extremely rapidly in nematodes, indicating that existing models for how synapses 'reload' may need to be revised.

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