220 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Local and global influences on protein turnover in neurons and glia

    Aline R Dörrbaum et al.
    A dynamic SILAC analysis reveals that neuronal proteome turnover is influenced by the cell type as well as the extracellular environment.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterisation of molecular motions in cryo-EM single-particle data by multi-body refinement in RELION

    Takanori Nakane et al.
    Multi-body refinement in RELION allows high-resolution reconstruction and visualisation of molecular motions in cryo-EM single-particle data sets with continuous forms of structural heterogeneity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    A transcriptomics resource reveals a transcriptional transition during ordered sarcomere morphogenesis in flight muscle

    Maria L Spletter et al.
    A developmental transcriptomics resource from Drosophila flight muscles quantifies the transcriptional dynamics during muscle morphogenesis and identifies three ordered phases of sarcomere morphogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A surface proton antenna in carbonic anhydrase II supports lactate transport in cancer cells

    Sina Ibne Noor et al.
    Carbonic anhydrase II features a surface proton antenna that exclusively mediates proton exchange with monocarboxylate transporters to facilitate proton-coupled lactate transport in cancer cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Co-translational protein targeting facilitates centrosomal recruitment of PCNT during centrosome maturation in vertebrates

    Guadalupe Sepulveda et al.
    During centrosome maturation, pericentrin is delivered to the centrosome co-translationally by a microtubule- and dynein-dependent process, as pericentrin mRNA is undergoing active translation near the centrosome.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Free-energy simulations reveal molecular mechanism for functional switch of a DNA helicase

    Wen Ma et al.
    Integration of structural bioinformatics and free-energy simulations reveals how a helicase switches its function from unwinding to rezipping DNA, during which a key metastable conformation is predicted and verified by single-molecule measurements.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Microtubule assembly governed by tubulin allosteric gain in flexibility and lattice induced fit

    Maxim Igaev, Helmut Grubmüller
    A new combined mechanism explains how GTP binding by tubulin is linked to its dynamics and energetics in solution and why GTP-induced flexibility, and not the tubulin conformation as such, drives microtubule assembly.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clathrin coat controls synaptic vesicle acidification by blocking vacuolar ATPase activity

    Zohreh Farsi et al.
    Parallel measurements of pH gradient and membrane potential at the single vesicle level have revealed that the synaptic vesicle acidification is initiated by removal of its clathrin coat, which blocks vesicular ATPase activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional genomics of lipid metabolism in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides

    Samuel T Coradetti et al.
    Using barcoded mutagenesis and a high-throughput genetic screen results in the identification of 150 genes that affect lipid accumulation in a non-model yeast system.

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