645 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Secretagogin expression delineates functionally-specialized populations of striatal parvalbumin-containing interneurons

    Farid N Garas et al.
    In rodents and primates, there are two subtypes of parvalbumin-expressing interneurons that provide novel substrates for selective inhibition in the striatum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pauses in cholinergic interneuron firing exert an inhibitory control on striatal output in vivo

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Optogenetics and in vivo recordings in mice reveal that pauses in cholinergic interneurons offer an alternative mechanism to inhibit subthreshold and suprathreshold events of spiny projection neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deletion of KCNQ2/3 potassium channels from PV+ interneurons leads to homeostatic potentiation of excitatory transmission

    Heun Soh et al.
    Loss of potassium channel activity from fast-spiking interneurons increases their excitability leading to unexpectedly increased fast excitatory transmission and seizure susceptibility.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Flexible theta sequence compression mediated via phase precessing interneurons

    Angus Chadwick et al.
    A new model for phase precession accounts for theta sequence generation, suggests critical roles for interneurons, and predicts circuit properties to optimise memory storage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perineuronal nets control visual input via thalamic recruitment of cortical PV interneurons

    Giulia Faini et al.
    Accumulation of perineuronal nets around parvalbumin (PV)-positive inhibitory interneurons closes visual cortical plasticity by selectively down-regulating thalamic synapses onto PV cells in a sensory-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nociceptive interneurons control modular motor pathways to promote escape behavior in Drosophila

    Anita Burgos et al.
    A class of interneuron is identified that promotes escape behavior downstream of nociceptor inputs via connections to nociceptive integrator and premotor networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin-positive interneurons in the dentate gyrus of mice provide local- and long-range septal synaptic inhibition

    Mei Yuan et al.
    Somatostatin-expressing interneurons of the rodent dentate gyrus fall into at least two functionally distinct interneuron types with different synaptic integrations into the local dentate gyrus and the more distant medial septum neuronal network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional diversity of excitatory commissural interneurons in adult zebrafish

    E Rebecka Björnfors, Abdeljabbar El Manira
    A detailed electrophysiological analysis reveals a new principle for how commissural excitatory interneurons are organised in an adult vertebrate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Impaired fast-spiking interneuron function in a genetic mouse model of depression

    Jonas-Frederic Sauer et al.
    Truncated Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (Disc 1) ablates signaling of parvalbumin-expressing interneurons in the prefrontal cortex and underlies depression-related behaviour in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered hippocampal interneuron activity precedes ictal onset

    Mitra L Miri et al.
    GABAergic interneuron populations in the hippocampus exhibit cell-type-specific patterns of disruption in advance of seizure onset.

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