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    1. Neuroscience

    Intraneural stimulation elicits discrimination of textural features by artificial fingertip in intact and amputee humans

    Calogero Maria Oddo et al.
    Delivering specific patterns of electrical activity to the median nerve of the arm triggers reliable sensations of texture, suggesting that it may ultimately be possible to restore complex tactile information to users of prosthetic limbs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell autonomous regulation of hippocampal circuitry via Aph1b-γ-secretase/neuregulin 1 signalling

    Pietro Fazzari et al.
    Genetic rescue experiments reveal that γ-secretase enzymes containing Aph1b subunits control signalling by type III neuregulin 1, with implications for schizophrenia.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Spinal cord precursors utilize neural crest cell mechanisms to generate hybrid peripheral myelinating glia

    Laura Fontenas, Sarah Kucenas
    Motor exit point (MEP) glia utilize mechanisms most commonly attributed to neural crest cells for their development from spinal cord precursors.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cell-type diversity and regionalized gene expression in the planarian intestine

    David J Forsthoefel et al.
    Application of laser-capture microdissection to planarian intestinal tissue provides a new tool for analysis of tissue-specific gene expression in flatworms, and a new resource to advance investigations of gastrointestinal regeneration.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Support for a clade of Placozoa and Cnidaria in genes with minimal compositional bias

    Christopher E Laumer et al.
    Protein coding genes strongly support a sister group relationship between Placozoa and Cnidaria to the exclusion of Bilateria, contradicting previous phylogenies, which have likely been misled by pervasive compositional heterogeneity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anillin facilitates septin assembly to prevent pathological outfoldings of central nervous system myelin

    Michelle S Erwig et al.
    Mature myelin sheaths are scaffolded by the anillin-dependent assembly of septin filaments, thereby facilitating rapid nerve conduction in the healthy CNS.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Rapid transporter regulation prevents substrate flow traffic jams in boron transport

    Naoyuki Sotta et al.
    To avoid internal traffic jams of nutrients that they absorb, plants need to swiftly regulate the transporters that take up those nutrients.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Altered paracrine signaling from the injured knee joint impairs postnatal long bone growth

    Alberto Roselló-Díez et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice reveal a communication system between the knee joint and the developing bones that could be explored in studies addressing evolutionary changes in body proportions and in future therapies for growth disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dipolar extracellular potentials generated by axonal projections

    Thomas McColgan et al.
    Action potentials propagating in axon bundles with bifurcating and terminating fibers cause strong and far-reaching extracellular potentials.
    1. Neuroscience

    A large fraction of neocortical myelin ensheathes axons of local inhibitory neurons

    Kristina D Micheva et al.
    Parvalbumin-positive inhibitory neurons in the cortex have insulating myelin sheathes, despite forming only short-range connections.