394 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Divergent Cl- and H+ pathways underlie transport coupling and gating in CLC exchangers and channels

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Combined simulations and electrophysiological experiments show that the CLC channels and exchangers form physically distinct and evolutionarily conserved pathways through which Cl- and H+ ions move when crossing biological membranes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Stochastic bond dynamics facilitates alignment of malaria parasite at erythrocyte membrane upon invasion

    Sebastian Hillringhaus et al.
    The bond-based adhesion model is a key step toward a realistic description of RBC-parasite interaction, which allows the investigation of more realistic scenarios and is relevant for other biological systems.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A conserved RNA degradation complex required for spreading and epigenetic inheritance of heterochromatin

    Gergana Shipkovenska et al.
    Genetic and biochemical studies show that a conserved ribosome biogenesis complex also localizes to heterochromatin, where it triggers RNA degradation and promotes the spreading and epigenetic inheritance of histone methylation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal and cortical mechanisms at retrieval explain variability in episodic remembering in older adults

    Alexandra N Trelle et al.
    The strength of pattern completion during memory retrieval, indexed by hippocampal activity and cortical reinstatement, explains within- and across-individual variability in episodic memory in older adults.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Activated αIIbβ3 on platelets mediates flow-dependent NETosis via SLC44A2

    Adela Constantinescu-Bercu et al.
    The interaction between activated αIIbβ3 on platelets and SLC44A2 on circulating neutrophils facilitates neutrophil capture and drives flow-dependent NETosis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nodal and planar cell polarity signaling cooperate to regulate zebrafish convergence and extension gastrulation movements

    Margot LK Williams, Lilianna Solnica-Krezel
    Nodal signaling regulates gastrulation cell behaviors largely in parallel with planar cell polarity signaling and is sufficient for ex vivo extension of embryonic explants.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Parallel CRISPR-Cas9 screens clarify impacts of p53 on screen performance

    Anne Ramsay Bowden et al.
    The protein p53 negatively impacts the ability of a CRISPR screen to discriminate between essential and non-essential genes, hence, p53 status should be considered in these screens.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The natverse, a versatile toolbox for combining and analysing neuroanatomical data

    Alexander Shakeel Bates et al.
    Open source software enables neuroscientists to integrate single neuron or synaptic-resolution datasets from different imaging modalities to analyse morphology and connectivity at the scale of whole brains and connectomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergistic actions of v-SNARE transmembrane domains and membrane-curvature modifying lipids in neurotransmitter release

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Naturally-occurring v-SNARE TMD variants differentially regulate fusion pore dynamics and cooperate with phospholipids in supporting membrane curvature at the fusion pore neck.

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