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    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable control of unconditioned responses and associative fear learning by parabrachial CGRP neurons

    Anna J Bowen et al.
    Parabrachial neurons expressing CGRP relay affective components of ascending pain information via distinct thalamic and amygdalar pathways, which together contribute to complementary aspects of adaptive threat responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    3D virtual pathohistology of lung tissue from Covid-19 patients based on phase contrast X-ray tomography

    Marina Eckermann et al.
    Phase contrast X-ray tomography based on a combination of parallel and cone beam geometry extends conventional histology by a third dimension and enables full quantication of tissue remodeling in COVID-19.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shared and modality-specific brain regions that mediate auditory and visual word comprehension

    Anne Keitel et al.
    The comprehension of acoustic and visual speech depends on modality-specific pathways in the brain, which explains why auditory speech abilities and lip reading are not associated in typical adults.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of dynamic pigment cell states at single-cell resolution

    Margherita Perillo et al.
    Multimodal technologies and the experimental tractability of sea urchin embryos reveal diverse regulatory mechanisms and unique genes for distinct pigment cell states.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alcohol drinking alters stress response to predator odor via BNST kappa opioid receptor signaling in male mice

    Lara S Hwa et al.
    Heavy alcohol drinking primes dynorphin /kappa opioid systems in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis to alter stress responses in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    A new genetic strategy for targeting microglia in development and disease

    Gabriel L McKinsey et al.
    P2ry12-CreER robustly and specifically labels microglia in fate-mapping and ribosomal profiling experiments, revealing new markers for myeloid subpopulations in the central nervous system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A taxonomy of seizure dynamotypes

    Maria Luisa Saggio et al.
    Taxonomy of seizure dynamics (TSD) provides a rigorous method for classifying and quantifying seizures and a principled framework for understanding seizure initiation and propagation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    LUZP1, a novel regulator of primary cilia and the actin cytoskeleton, is a contributing factor in Townes-Brocks Syndrome

    Laura Bozal-Basterra et al.
    LUZP1 is required for proper cilia and cytoskeleton formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical ChAT+ neurons co-transmit acetylcholine and GABA in a target- and brain-region-specific manner

    Adam J Granger et al.
    Most ChAT-expressing interneurons are a subset VIP+ interneurons that differentially release GABA and acetylcholine onto different post-synaptic targets, while a separate population of non-VIP ChAT+ neurons release acetylcholine in mPFC.