277 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable control of unconditioned responses and associative fear learning by parabrachial CGRP neurons

    Anna J Bowen et al.
    Parabrachial neurons expressing CGRP relay affective components of ascending pain information via distinct thalamic and amygdalar pathways, which together contribute to complementary aspects of adaptive threat responses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    The transcriptomic response of cells to a drug combination is more than the sum of the responses to the monotherapies

    Jennifer EL Diaz et al.
    The transcriptomic profiles of the constituent monotherapies of synergistic drug pairs tend to be correlated and result in novel gene expression in the combinations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse-specific opioid modulation of thalamo-cortico-striatal circuits

    William T Birdsong et al.
    By differentially modulating the two major excitatory inputs to the striatum, mu- and delta-opioid receptors regulate the balance between thalamic and cortical inputs to the striatum.
    1. Cell Biology

    Impaired skeletal muscle mitochondrial pyruvate uptake rewires glucose metabolism to drive whole-body leanness

    Arpit Sharma et al.
    Skeletal muscle mitochondrial pyruvate carrier disruption increases muscle fatty acid oxidation and systemic glucose turnover that drive whole-body leanness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensorimotor pathway controlling stopping behavior during chemotaxis in the Drosophila melanogaster larva

    Ibrahim Tastekin et al.
    The reconstruction of a sensorimotor pathway from the olfactory-sensory neurons down to the pre-motor system reveals a descending neuron that plays a critical role in the organization of larval chemotaxis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reconstruction of natural images from responses of primate retinal ganglion cells

    Nora Brackbill et al.
    The visual message conveyed by retinal neurons to the brain when signaling natural scenes resembles the individual receptive fields only when viewed in context of the neuronal population.
    1. Neuroscience

    A sleep state in Drosophila larvae required for neural stem cell proliferation

    Milan Szuperak et al.
    A role for sleep in developmental neurogenesis is revealed using a new system for studying sleep during nascent periods.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    H3K9me3 is required for inheritance of small RNAs that target a unique subset of newly evolved genes

    Itamar Lev et al.
    In Caenorhabditis elegans histone methylation (H3K9me3) controls the synthesis of heritable small RNAs in a gene-specific manner and thus enables 'flagging' of newly-acquired genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Correlated magnetic resonance imaging and ultramicroscopy (MR-UM) is a tool kit to assess the dynamics of glioma angiogenesis

    Michael O Breckwoldt et al.
    Correlated magnetic resonance imaging and ultramicroscopy resolves macro- and microvasculature in glioma models and allows treatment monitoring of antiangiogenic therapy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Drosophila F-box protein Fbxl7 binds to the protocadherin Fat and regulates Dachs localization and Hippo signaling

    Justin A Bosch et al.
    The F-box protein Fbxl7 is a direct effector of the protocadherin Fat and functions in downstream pathways that regulate tissue shape and size.

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