447 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    The ‘de novo’ DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3b compensates the Dnmt1-deficient intestinal epithelium

    Ellen N Elliott et al.
    The maintenance methyltransferase Dnmt1 and the de novo methyltransferase Dnmt3b cooperate to maintain DNA methylation and genomic stability in the adult intestinal epithelium.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory and intestinal epithelial cells exhibit differential susceptibility and innate immune responses to contemporary EV-D68 isolates

    Megan Culler Freeman et al.
    Parallel studies in primary human airway cells and stem cell-derived enteroids show that Enterovirus D-68 differentially infects and induces innate immune signaling in the respiratory and intestinal epithelium.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial colonization stimulates a complex physiological response in the immature human intestinal epithelium

    David R Hill et al.
    Contact with bacteria and subsequent hypoxia promotes functional maturation of the immature gastrointestinal tract.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Intestinal epithelium-derived BMP controls stem cell self-renewal in Drosophila adult midgut

    Aiguo Tian, Jin Jiang
    The niche signal that ensures stem cells self-renew appropriately has been identified in the midgut of Drosophila.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The ESRP1-GPR137 axis contributes to intestinal pathogenesis

    Lukas Franz Mager et al.
    ESRP1 is central to intestinal barrier integrity in mice and humans and alterations in ESRP1 function or expression contribute to intestinal pathology, partly through modified expression of ESRP1-specific GPR137 isoforms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Apical PAR complex proteins protect against programmed epithelial assaults to create a continuous and functional intestinal lumen

    Maria Danielle Sallee et al.
    During intestinal development, apical PAR complex proteins keep apical domains and junctions continuous between cells as they divide and elongate, and ultimately build a continuous functional tube.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rotavirus VP3 targets MAVS for degradation to inhibit type III interferon expression in intestinal epithelial cells

    Siyuan Ding et al.
    Rotavirus infection induces phosphorylation and proteasomal degradation of MAVS to suppress host antiviral interferon signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cellular aspect ratio and cell division mechanics underlie the patterning of cell progeny in diverse mammalian epithelia

    Kara L McKinley et al.
    The process of cytokinesis can allow cell lineages to intermix in mammalian epithelia, and cellular aspect ratio is a critical modulator of this behavior.
    1. Cell Biology

    Atg9 antagonizes TOR signaling to regulate intestinal cell growth and epithelial homeostasis in Drosophila

    Jung-Kun Wen et al.
    Atg9 inhibits TOR signaling to regulate cell growth and tissue homeostasis in Drosophila adult midgut.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Age-related changes in polycomb gene regulation disrupt lineage fidelity in intestinal stem cells

    Helen M Tauc et al.
    Global, multi-angled genetic analyses identified an age-associated loss of stem cell lineage fidelity that was linked to changes in polycomb regulation in the Drosophila intestinal epithelium.

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