774 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Proteostasis collapse, a hallmark of aging, hinders the chaperone-Start network and arrests cells in G1

    David F Moreno et al.
    Cells accumulate damaged proteins during aging and, by compromising the function of chaperones in folding newly synthesized G1 cyclins, proteostasis breakdown inhibits cell-cycle entry and drives yeast cells into senescence.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Heparan sulfates are critical regulators of the inhibitory megakaryocyte-platelet receptor G6b-B

    Timo Vögtle et al.
    Heparan sulfates in the vessel wall bind and regulate signaling from the megakaryocyte/platelet-specific inhibitory receptor G6b-B, a critical regulator of platelet homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    The paraventricular thalamus is a critical mediator of top-down control of cue-motivated behavior in rats

    Paolo Campus et al.
    A top-down circuit generating from the prelimbic cortex and projecting to the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus mediates individual differences in cue-elicited responding by affecting subcortical dopamine-dependent incentive learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Long-term adult human brain slice cultures as a model system to study human CNS circuitry and disease

    Niklas Schwarz et al.
    Viral transduction and gene manipulation of adult human brain slices will be of great value allowing investigations including therapeutic screening, electrophysiological and structural studies of properties of human CNS circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide F regulates courtship in Drosophila through a male-specific neuronal circuit

    Weiwei Liu et al.
    Functional dissection of a cluster of male-specific neurons in Drosophila reveals a neuronal circuit regulating male courtship in accordance with the internal drive state.
    1. Neuroscience

    The readily-releasable pool dynamically regulates multivesicular release

    Jada H Vaden et al.
    The number of neurotransmitter vesicles released into the synaptic cleft is regulated by the size of the readily-releasable pool upstream of release probability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rbfox1 up-regulation impairs BDNF-dependent hippocampal LTP by dysregulating TrkB isoform expression levels

    Francesco Tomassoni-Ardori et al.
    RbFox1 upregulation modulates the expression of hundreds of genes but only dysregulation of the TrkB.T1 receptor isoform expression causes BDNF-dependent LTP impairments.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of asymmetric gamete signaling and suppressed recombination at the mating type locus

    Zena Hadjivasiliou, Andrew Pomiankowski
    Selection for asymmetric signalling between gametes explains the very origins of sexual asymmetry as seen in mating-types with morphologically similar but self-incompatible gametes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Gain-of-function mutations in the UNC-2/CaV2α channel lead to excitation-dominant synaptic transmission in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Yung-Chi Huang et al.
    Caenorhabditis elegans studies indicate that gain-of-function mutations in the presynaptic voltage-gated calcium, associated with familial hemiplegic migraine in humans, result in excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in the nervous system.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cells suppress medullary granulopoiesis by an extracellular glycosylation-dependent mechanism

    Eric E Irons et al.
    B cells regulate production of neutrophils by a novel mechanism by releasing ST6Gal-1, an active sialyltransferase, that suppresses granulopoiesis.

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