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    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative time-resolved analysis reveals intricate, differential regulation of standard- and immuno-proteasomes

    Juliane Liepe et al.
    Experimental and computational analyses reveal how proteasomal hydrolysis is regulated and show that peptide transport is the rate-limiting step and the main differentiating factor between human standard- and immuno-proteasomes.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Ecology

    Harbouring public good mutants within a pathogen population can increase both fitness and virulence

    Richard J Lindsay et al.
    Cooperation theory and a novel synthetic infection system provides a mechanistic understanding of why a seemingly successful disease management strategy can have devastating consequences for infected hosts.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Competition between antagonistic complement factors for a single protein on N. meningitidis rules disease susceptibility

    Joseph JE Caesar et al.
    Genetic susceptibility to an infectious disease is linked to competition for binding a molecule on the bacterial surface by two host proteins with opposing roles in host immunity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple sources of slow activity fluctuations in a bacterial chemosensory network

    Remy Colin et al.
    Single-cell FRET measurements reveal large temporal activity fluctuations within this signaling pathway in Escherichia coli, caused by stochasticity of receptor methylation combined with allosteric interactions and slow rearrangements within receptor clusters.
    1. Cell Biology

    Comment on ‘Orthogonal lipid sensors identify transbilayer asymmetry of plasma membrane cholesterol’

    Kevin C Courtney et al.
    We challenge a recent report that most of the cholesterol in the plasma membrane of mammalian cells is in the exofacial leaflet.
    1. Cell Biology

    The membrane-associated proteins FCHo and SGIP are allosteric activators of the AP2 clathrin adaptor complex

    Gunther Hollopeter et al.
    Endocytosis is triggered by membrane-associated proteins that transform the clathrin adaptor into an active complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse TRPA1 function and membrane localization are modulated by direct interactions with cholesterol

    Justyna B Startek et al.
    The activation and membrane localization of the broadly-tuned noxious chemosensory cation channel TRPA1 are regulated by direct interactions with cholesterol via CRAC motifs in transmembane segments 2 and 4.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional integration of a serotonergic neuron in the Drosophila antennal lobe

    Xiaonan Zhang, Quentin Gaudry
    Serotonergic cells innervating the Drosophila antennal lobe are inhibited by odors and modulate olfactory responses in conjunction with the entire serotonergic network.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Neuroscience

    Physical limits to magnetogenetics

    Markus Meister
    Recent reports on the ability of biological molecules to sense magnetic fields are found to be inconsistent with basic physical principles.