1,445 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evidence for a DNA-relay mechanism in ParABS-mediated chromosome segregation

    Hoong Chuin Lim et al.
    In vitro, in vivo and in silico evidence suggests that bacteria exploit intrinsic chromosomal fluctuations to achieve intracellular transport.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Spatial control of neuronal metabolism through glucose-mediated mitochondrial transport regulation

    Anamika Agrawal et al.
    A quantitative analysis of glucose-dependent transport regulation indicates that mitochondrial accumulation in regions of high nutrient availability can enhance metabolism in neuronal axons under physiologically relevant conditions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinesin and dynein use distinct mechanisms to bypass obstacles

    Luke S Ferro et al.
    Dynein bypasses obstacles on microtubules more efficiently than single kinesin, and kinesins overcome this limitation when transporting intracellular cargos in teams.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Plasma membrane overgrowth causes fibrotic collagen accumulation and immune activation in Drosophila adipocytes

    Yiran Zang et al.
    Excess membrane can trap outgoing extracellular matrix proteins in secreting cells, leading to pericellular deposits that cause tissue damage.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A conserved major facilitator superfamily member orchestrates a subset of O-glycosylation to aid macrophage tissue invasion

    Katarina Valoskova et al.
    T antigen glycosylation, which marks metastatic cancer cells, is modulated on a small set of proteins by a conserved multipass transmembrane protein to allow tissue invasion by Drosophila macrophages.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Bidirectional helical motility of cytoplasmic dynein around microtubules

    Sinan Can et al.
    Unlike other cytoskeletal motors that produce torque in a specific direction, cytoplasmic dynein generates torque in either direction, resulting in bidirectional helical motility along microtubules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The conserved aspartate ring of MCU mediates MICU1 binding and regulation in the mitochondrial calcium uniporter complex

    Charles B Phillips et al.
    Biochemical analysis reveals molecular mechanisms underlying the activation of the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter by intracellular Ca2+ signals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dendritic trafficking faces physiologically critical speed-precision tradeoffs

    Alex H Williams et al.
    A simple model of active transport in neurons allows intracellular cargo to find sites of demand using only local signals, but predicts long delays in distributing cargo throughout a dendritic tree.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensing of nutrients by CPT1C regulates late endosome/lysosome anterograde transport and axon growth

    Marta Palomo-Guerrero et al.
    The pseudoenzyme CPT1C is able to sense changes in intracellular malonyl-CoA levels caused by nutrients or energy stress and regulate late endosomes/lysosomes anterograde transport, necessary for proper axon growth.

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