3,603 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus background influences phase invariant coding by correlated neural activity

    Michael G Metzen, Maurice J Chacron
    Building on previous work (Metzen et al., 2016), a combination of neurophysiological and behavioral approaches reveals that changes in the background strongly impacts invariant coding and perception of behaviourally relevant signals.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural correlations enable invariant coding and perception of natural stimuli in weakly electric fish

    Michael G Metzen et al.
    Neural circuits in weakly electric fish perform a set of computations to allow natural communication signals to be perceived independently of their context.
    1. Neuroscience

    Irregular spiking of pyramidal neurons organizes as scale-invariant neuronal avalanches in the awake state

    Timothy Bellay et al.
    Spontaneous, irregular spiking in single cortical pyramidal neurons assembles as neuronal avalanches at the group level identifying a robust scale-invariant organization of resting activity in the awake state.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Recalibrating timing behavior via expected covariance between temporal cues

    Benjamin J De Corte et al.
    Rats act as if they expect that the delays associated with temporal cues will covary due to a common causal factor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Variance adaptation in navigational decision making

    Ruben Gepner et al.
    Fruit fly larvae adapt their decision-making process to the variability of the environment, illuminating the structure of adaptation in the underlying neural substrates.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The invariant cleavage pattern displayed by ascidian embryos depends on spindle positioning along the cell's longest axis in the apical plane and relies on asynchronous cell divisions

    Rémi Dumollard et al.
    Cell cycle asynchrony regulates apical cell shape to drive cell division orientation in the apical plane.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Histone Deacetylase 7 mediates tissue-specific autoimmunity via control of innate effector function in invariant Natural Killer T Cells

    Herbert G Kasler et al.
    The development of Natural Killer T Cells is controlled by Histone Deacetylase 7, a function that combined with its known role in thymic negative selection provides a potential mechanism explaining its association with tissue-specific autoimmunity in humans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells mediate protective host responses in sepsis

    Shubhanshi Trivedi et al.
    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, highly activated and dysfunctional in sepsis patients, contribute to tissue-specific cytokine responses that are protective against mortality during experimental sepsis.
    1. Neuroscience

    The sifting of visual information in the superior colliculus

    Kyu Hyun Lee et al.
    The superior colliculus reveals hallmarks of sophisticated visual computation, including selectivity, invariance, and stimulus-specific habituation to behaviorally relevant stimuli.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A broad mutational target explains a fast rate of phenotypic evolution

    Fabrice Besnard et al.
    A broad mutational target is the cause of the high mutational variance and corresponding fast phenotypic evolutionary rate in P3.p cell fate in Caenorhabditis nematodes.

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