6,234 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Straightjacket/α2δ3 deregulation is associated with cardiac conduction defects in myotonic dystrophy type 1

    Emilie Auxerre-Plantié et al.
    Drosophila DM1 models suggest that elevated cardiac expression of straightjacket/α2δ3, a regulatory subunit of voltage-gated calcium channel, contributes to cardiac conduction defects in DM1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ionic mechanisms underlying history-dependence of conduction delay in an unmyelinated axon

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Conduction velocity of action potentials in unmyelinated axons depends ultimately on the gating variables of the fast voltage-gated sodium current and can be predicted from the action potential peak and trough voltages.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin increases sympathetic nerve activity via induction of its own receptor in the paraventricular nucleus

    Zhigang Shi et al.
    Leptin acts in the paraventricular nucleus to slowly increase sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue via induction of its own receptor in TRH glutamatergic neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Revised roles of ISL1 in a hES cell-based model of human heart chamber specification

    Roberto Quaranta et al.
    Loss and gain-of-function investigation uncovers a regulatory network controlling human heart chamber specification in which the cardiac precursor gene ISL1 accelerates ventricular induction and antagonizes retinoic acid-driven atrial commitment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection of the CNS disrupts the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic gene regulation of host responses

    Olga A Maximova et al.
    Virus infection of the central nervous system disrupts the homeostasis of the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic genes with an unintended off-target negative impact on the neurotransmission.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Trait-associated noncoding variant regions affect TBX3 regulation and cardiac conduction

    Jan Hendrik van Weerd et al.
    Multiple variant transcriptional regulatory elements in >1 megabasepairs of noncoding DNA close to TBX3 affect gene expression and atrioventricular conduction system function in vivo.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness variation across subtle environmental perturbations reveals local modularity and global pleiotropy of adaptation

    Grant Kinsler et al.
    A set of adaptive mutations affect only a small number of phenotypes that matter in the evolution condition, and yet contain substantial latent functional diversity revealed in distant environments.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for anion conduction in the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A

    Cristina Paulino et al.
    Single-particle cryo-EM and electrophysiology studies of the chloride channel TMEM16A reveals the structural basis for anion conduction and uncover its relationship to lipid scramblases of the same family.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo single-cell lineage tracing in zebrafish using high-resolution infrared laser-mediated gene induction microscopy

    Sicong He et al.
    Infrared laser-mediated gene induction microscopy enables precise single-cell labeling in various tissues of zebrafish, and in vivo visualized single-cell lineage tracing reveals the lineage heterogeneity in hematopoietic endothelial cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    BHLHE40, a third transcription factor required for insulin induction of SREBP-1c mRNA in rodent liver

    Jing Tian et al.
    Biochemical and genetic studies reveal a third transcription factor, BHLHE40, that together with LXR and C/EBPβ mediates insulin induction of SREBP-1c, which in turn leads to triglyceride accumulation in liver.

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