6,010 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Straightjacket/α2δ3 deregulation is associated with cardiac conduction defects in myotonic dystrophy type 1

    Emilie Auxerre-Plantié et al.
    Drosophila DM1 models suggest that elevated cardiac expression of straightjacket/α2δ3, a regulatory subunit of voltage-gated calcium channel, contributes to cardiac conduction defects in DM1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin increases sympathetic nerve activity via induction of its own receptor in the paraventricular nucleus

    Zhigang Shi et al.
    Leptin acts in the paraventricular nucleus to slowly increase sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue via induction of its own receptor in TRH glutamatergic neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Specialized impulse conduction pathway in the alligator heart

    Bjarke Jensen et al.
    A specialized conduction pathway for the electrical impulse in the heart, previously thought to be associated with the endothermic mammals and birds only, is also present in the ectothermic crocodiles.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo single-cell lineage tracing in zebrafish using high-resolution infrared laser-mediated gene induction microscopy

    Sicong He et al.
    Infrared laser-mediated gene induction microscopy enables precise single-cell labeling in various tissues of zebrafish, and in vivo visualized single-cell lineage tracing reveals the lineage heterogeneity in hematopoietic endothelial cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ionic mechanisms underlying history-dependence of conduction delay in an unmyelinated axon

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Conduction velocity of action potentials in unmyelinated axons depends ultimately on the gating variables of the fast voltage-gated sodium current and can be predicted from the action potential peak and trough voltages.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    BHLHE40, a third transcription factor required for insulin induction of SREBP-1c mRNA in rodent liver

    Jing Tian et al.
    Biochemical and genetic studies reveal a third transcription factor, BHLHE40, that together with LXR and C/EBPβ mediates insulin induction of SREBP-1c, which in turn leads to triglyceride accumulation in liver.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Calcium-dependent electrostatic control of anion access to the pore of the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A

    Andy KM Lam, Raimund Dutzler
    Ion conduction in the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A is directly regulated by calcium, which binds to a site close to the pore thereby shaping the electrostatics at its intracellular entrance.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional characterization of the murine lipid scramblase TMEM16F

    Carolina Alvadia et al.
    While activated by a common mechanism, both functions in TMEM16F - lipid scrambling and ion conduction - are likely mediated by alternate protein conformations that are at equilibrium in the ligand-bound state.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fast and flexible sequence induction in spiking neural networks via rapid excitability changes

    Rich Pang, Adrienne L Fairhall
    Biologically plausible changes in the excitabilities of single neurons may suffice to selectively modulate sequential network dynamics, without modifying of recurrent connectivity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for anion conduction in the calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A

    Cristina Paulino et al.
    Single-particle cryo-EM and electrophysiology studies of the chloride channel TMEM16A reveals the structural basis for anion conduction and uncover its relationship to lipid scramblases of the same family.

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