339 results found
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Polycystin-2 is an essential ion channel subunit in the primary cilium of the renal collecting duct epithelium

    Xiaowen Liu et al.
    The primary cilia polycystin proteins, polycystin-1 and polycystin-2, affect cilia length in the kidney collecting duct epithelia, but only polycystin-2 is required for the functional ion channel in this organelle.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-induced Ca2+ signaling in perisynaptic Schwann cells of the early postnatal mouse is mediated by P2Y1 receptors and regulates muscle fatigue

    Dante J Heredia et al.
    A genetic strategy reveals that the perisynaptic glial response to neural activity in one population of these glia regulates postsynaptic function and therefore muscle fatigue.
    1. Neuroscience

    The presynaptic ribbon maintains vesicle populations at the hair cell afferent fiber synapse

    Lars Becker et al.
    The auditory hair cell synaptic ribbon maintains vesicle pools near release sites in order to support sustained and timed vesicle release.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology

    Endothelial cells express NKG2D ligands and desensitize antitumor NK responses

    Thornton W Thompson et al.
    Antitumor (natural killer) NK cell responses are negatively regulated by interactions between NK cells and endogenous NKG2D ligands constitutively expressed on lymph node endothelial cells and super-induced on tumor-associated endothelium.
    1. Neuroscience

    BAD and KATP channels regulate neuron excitability and epileptiform activity

    Juan Ramón Martínez-François et al.
    Altered activity of ATP-sensitive K+ channels underlies the metabolic seizure resistance produced by genetic manipulation of the BAD protein in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distributed rhythm generators underlie Caenorhabditis elegans forward locomotion

    Anthony D Fouad et al.
    The forward locomotor circuit of the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans consists of multiple rhythm-generating units coupled to one another in a bidirectional manner.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Dynamic clustering of dynamin-amphiphysin helices regulates membrane constriction and fission coupled with GTP hydrolysis

    Tetsuya Takeda et al.
    A new approach using combination of electron microscopy (EM) and high-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) clearly demonstrates dynamics of dynamin-amphiphysin complexes during membrane constriction and fission suggesting a novel 'clusterase' model of the dynamin-mediated membrane fission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Output variability across animals and levels in a motor system

    Angela Wenning et al.
    Population output variability in a motor control system varies across levels (CPG, motor neurons, muscles) and can be ascribed to life history differences among animals and in some cases to differences between bilaterally homologous elements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Combining robotic training and inactivation of the healthy hemisphere restores pre-stroke motor patterns in mice

    Cristina Spalletti et al.
    A combined rehabitative protocol after stroke in the mouse normalizes transcallosal inhibition and promotes "true recovery" of forelimb motor function.
    1. Neuroscience

    LRP1 regulates peroxisome biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis in oligodendrocytes and is required for proper CNS myelin development and repair

    Jing-Ping Lin et al.
    In oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, lipid metabolism and peroxisome biogenesis are regulated by the low-density lipoprotein related-receptor-1, and if disrupted, impair proper white matter development and adult repair.

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