405 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct regulation of dopamine D2S and D2L autoreceptor signaling by calcium

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    The loss of calcium-dependent D2 autoreceptor desensitization caused by prior in vivo cocaine exposure may be conferred by an unexpected role of the D2L splice variant as an autoreceptor.
    1. Cell Biology

    Recruitment dynamics of ESCRT-III and Vps4 to endosomes and implications for reverse membrane budding

    Manuel Alonso Y Adell et al.
    Quantitative 3D lattice light sheet microscopy of unperturbed cells combined with electron tomography and acute loss of function experiments reveals how dynamic ESCRT-III/Vps4 assemblies succeed in reverse membrane budding on endosomes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Proteolytic processing of palmitoylated Hedgehog peptides specifies the 3-4 intervein region of the Drosophila wing

    Sabine Schürmann et al.
    Proteolysis of lipidated N-terminal peptides that tether Hedgehog morphogens to the surface of source cells is absolutely required for their coupled release and bioactivation in vivo in Drosophila melanogaster.
    1. Neuroscience

    Structural and functional properties of a probabilistic model of neuronal connectivity in a simple locomotor network

    Andrea Ferrario et al.
    A new probabilistic model of connectivity reveals the structural and functional properties of the neural networks controlling locomotion in many individual tadpoles.
    1. Cell Biology

    High lumenal chloride in the lysosome is critical for lysosome function

    Kasturi Chakraborty et al.
    Lysosomes are highly enriched in chloride, which is essential for their degradative function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Synthetic lethality between the cohesin subunits STAG1 and STAG2 in diverse cancer contexts

    Petra van der Lelij et al.
    STAG1 has been identified as a hardwired genetic dependency of cancer cells harbouring mutations in the cohesin subunit and emerging major tumor suppressor STAG2 holds the promise for the development of selective therapeutics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective rab11 transport and the intrinsic regenerative ability of CNS axons

    Hiroaki Koseki et al.
    Mature axons lose the ability to regenerate because key growth molecules are excluded through changes in vesicle transport, and restoring transport can restore regeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sec17 (α-SNAP) and an SM-tethering complex regulate the outcome of SNARE zippering in vitro and in vivo

    Matthew L Schwartz et al.
    Sec17 is shown to have divergent effects on pre-fusion SNARE complex activity, depending on the state of SNARE zippering and HOPS, an SM-tether complex, controls the outcome of Sec17-SNARE engagement.

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