440 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Structural and functional properties of a probabilistic model of neuronal connectivity in a simple locomotor network

    Andrea Ferrario et al.
    A new probabilistic model of connectivity reveals the structural and functional properties of the neural networks controlling locomotion in many individual tadpoles.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgM and IgD B cell receptors differentially respond to endogenous antigens and control B cell fate

    Mark Noviski et al.
    Self-reactive B cells downregulate the IgM but not the IgD B cell receptor, and this serves as a critical tolerance mechanism because IgD is less sensitive to bona fide endogenous antigens than IgM.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Proteolytic processing of palmitoylated Hedgehog peptides specifies the 3-4 intervein region of the Drosophila wing

    Sabine Schürmann et al.
    Proteolysis of lipidated N-terminal peptides that tether Hedgehog morphogens to the surface of source cells is absolutely required for their coupled release and bioactivation in vivo in Drosophila melanogaster.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective rab11 transport and the intrinsic regenerative ability of CNS axons

    Hiroaki Koseki et al.
    Mature axons lose the ability to regenerate because key growth molecules are excluded through changes in vesicle transport, and restoring transport can restore regeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sec17 (α-SNAP) and an SM-tethering complex regulate the outcome of SNARE zippering in vitro and in vivo

    Matthew L Schwartz et al.
    Sec17 is shown to have divergent effects on pre-fusion SNARE complex activity, depending on the state of SNARE zippering and HOPS, an SM-tether complex, controls the outcome of Sec17-SNARE engagement.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Recruitment dynamics of ESCRT-III and Vps4 to endosomes and implications for reverse membrane budding

    Manuel Alonso Y Adell et al.
    Quantitative 3D lattice light sheet microscopy of unperturbed cells combined with electron tomography and acute loss of function experiments reveals how dynamic ESCRT-III/Vps4 assemblies succeed in reverse membrane budding on endosomes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Nuclear pore heterogeneity influences HIV-1 infection and the antiviral activity of MX2

    Melissa Kane et al.
    Comprehensive investigation reveals the variability and importance of the nuclear pore complex in HIV-1 infection and the activity of the antiretroviral protein, MX2.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures reveal opening of the store-operated calcium channel Orai

    Xiaowei Hou et al.
    The structure of the calcium channel Orai in an open conformation reveals a dilated pore and gives insight into mechanisms of ion permeation and calcium selectivity.

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