146 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct combinations of variant ionotropic glutamate receptors mediate thermosensation and hygrosensation in Drosophila

    Zachary A Knecht et al.
    A combination of genetics, behavior and physiology demonstrate that cool and moisture sensing rely on overlapping combinations of sensory receptors in Drosophila.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glutamate Receptors: Family matters

    Mark L Mayer, Timothy Jegla
    Genome sequence data from a range of animal species are raising questions about the origins of glutamate receptors.
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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Auxiliary subunits keep AMPA receptors compact during activation and desensitization

    Jelena Baranovic, Andrew JR Plested
    The auxiliary protein Stargazin limits the conformational dynamics of AMPA-type glutamate receptors in cell membranes, as revealed by 'molecular rulers' deployed on the seconds to milliseconds timescale.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurogenetic dissection of the Drosophila lateral horn reveals major outputs, diverse behavioural functions, and interactions with the mushroom body

    Michael-John Dolan et al.
    The generation and systematic characterisation of driver lines labelling a large number of neurons in the Drosophila innate olfactory processing centre bridges electron microscopy neuronal reconstructions, circuits and behaviour.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sleep-promoting effects of threonine link amino acid metabolism in Drosophila neuron to GABAergic control of sleep drive

    Yoonhee Ki, Chunghun Lim
    Threonine promotes sleep via down-regulation of metabotropic GABA transmission in the ellipsoid body R2 neurons that generate homeostatic sleep drive in Drosophila.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Endothelial heterogeneity across distinct vascular beds during homeostasis and inflammation

    Ankit Jambusaria et al.
    Vascular endothelial cells in the brain, heart and lung exhibit tissue-specific heterogeneity and plasticity, expressing genes that were traditionally thought to be only expressed by the surrounding parenchymal tissue cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-, layer- and cell-type-specific thalamic input to mouse barrel cortex

    B Semihcan Sermet et al.
    Two distinct thalamocortical pathways were found to provide differential excitatory synaptic input to distinct cell-types across layers of mouse primary somatosensory barrel cortex.

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