176 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Transient protein accumulation at the center of the T cell antigen-presenting cell interface drives efficient IL-2 secretion

    Danielle J Clark et al.
    A membrane-associated, supramolecular protein complex with dynamically changing components, the central supramolecular activation cluster, regulates the generation of the T cell effector cytokine IL-2 depending on its composition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Planar cell polarity signaling coordinates oriented cell division and cell rearrangement in clonally expanding growth plate cartilage

    Yuwei Li et al.
    Through the interaction between PCP signaling and N-cadherin, oriented cell division and cell rearrangement are coordinated to establish the appropriate tissue architecture critical for limb skeletal morphogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    The neuropeptide tachykinin is essential for pheromone detection in a gustatory neural circuit

    Shruti Shankar et al.
    The cellular and molecular substrates that underlie the programmed behavioral response to a gustatory sex pheromone have been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial calcium signaling is attuned to neuronal activity in awake mice

    Anthony D Umpierre et al.
    Microglial processes engage calcium signaling in response to hyper- or hypo-active shifts in neuronal activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific gain modulation by synaptically released zinc in cortical circuits of audition

    Charles T Anderson et al.
    Synaptic zinc is a novel modulator of cortical sound processing - a modulator that increases the gain of principal neurons, but reduces the gain of interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-specific dysregulation of striatal excitatory synapses by LRRK2 mutations

    Chuyu Chen et al.
    Although human Parkinson's disease is linked to dopamine loss, two distinct mutations in a kinase associated with familial Parkinson's operate downstream, altering excitatory synapses on dopamine-sensing neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of astrocytes in hippocampus decreases fear memory through adenosine A1 receptors

    Yulan Li et al.
    A new strategy of memory consolidation disruption based on astrocyte and purinergic signaling, which leads to persistent fear memory attenuation accompanied by reduced fear-related anxiety behavior.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Preferential assembly of heteromeric kainate and AMPA receptor amino terminal domains

    Huaying Zhao et al.
    Members of kainate and AMPA families of glutamate receptors exhibit large differences in affinity for homo- and hetero-dimerziation of their amino terminal domains, which may control gating characteristics and ion selectivity of receptor subtypes with different subunit composition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-synaptic signaling from cerebellar climbing fibers modulates Golgi cell activity

    Angela K Nietz et al.
    Climbing fiber glutamate spillover enhances response complexity and regulates signaling to Golgi cells through a form of transmission not constrained to synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Purinergic regulation of vascular tone in the retrotrapezoid nucleus is specialized to support the drive to breathe

    Virginia E Hawkins et al.
    CO2/H+-dependent purinergic signaling by astrocytes provides specialized control of vascular tone in a brainstem respiratory center in a manner that contributes to respiratory behavior.

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