705 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP3 mediated global Ca2+ signals arise through two temporally and spatially distinct modes of Ca2+ release

    Jeffrey T Lock, Ian Parker
    Cell-wide Ca2+ signals that regulate numerous cellular functions comprise dual Ca2+ release modes through IP3 receptors, punctate transients mediated by clustered receptors and spatiotemporally diffuse release through functionally distinct receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Maintenance of homeostatic plasticity at the Drosophila neuromuscular synapse requires continuous IP3-directed signaling

    Thomas D James et al.
    Synapses employ distinct acute and chronic signaling processes in order to maintain physiologically appropriate levels of function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    An extracellular biochemical screen reveals that FLRTs and Unc5s mediate neuronal subtype recognition in the retina

    Jasper J Visser et al.
    An integrated approach for studying laminar organization in the developing mouse retina identifies two families of extracellular recognition proteins that mediate neuronal subtype-specific recognition.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Retrograde Ret signaling controls sensory pioneer axon outgrowth

    Adam Tuttle et al.
    Long-range Ret receptor signaling promotes axon outgrowth and regulates growth cone dynamics in pioneer neurons by inducing transcriptional changes in Myosin-X expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Receptor-driven, multimodal mapping of cortical areas in the macaque monkey intraparietal sulcus

    Meiqi Niu et al.
    The macaque monkey intraparietal sulcus encompasses 17 cyto- and receptorarchitectonically distinct areas, which can be grouped into three clusters based on (dis)similarities of their molecular structure.
    1. Neuroscience

    An essential role of acetylcholine-glutamate synergy at habenular synapses in nicotine dependence

    Silke Frahm et al.
    Local elimination of acetylcholine synthesis in habenular neurons demonstrates a key role for vesicular synergy and neurotransmitter co-release in nicotine dependence.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits modulate Cav2.3-mediated release from medial habenula terminals

    Pradeep Bhandari et al.
    The direct interaction of R-type Ca2+ channel Cav2.3 and GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits in the active zone of medial habenula terminals scales synaptic strength independent of GABAB receptor activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Matriptase activation of Gq drives epithelial disruption and inflammation via RSK and DUOX

    Jiajia Ma et al.
    The serine protease Matriptase orchestrates simultaneous epithelial cell motility and inflammation in pathological states through respective activation of the MAPK pathway and generation of hydrogen peroxide.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The RNA binding protein IMP3 facilitates tumor immune escape by downregulating the stress-induced ligands ULPB2 and MICB

    Dominik Schmiedel et al.
    The well-established oncogene IMP3 impairs the interaction between cancer cells and the immune system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.

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