513 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An essential cell-autonomous role for hepcidin in cardiac iron homeostasis

    Samira Lakhal-Littleton et al.
    The novel role of hepcidin in cell-autonomous iron regulation changes our understanding of tissue-specific iron control, and of its interplay with systemic iron homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Repression of ferritin light chain translation by human eIF3

    Mia C Pulos-Holmes et al.
    Human ferritin light chain (FTL) mRNA translation is regulated via its 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) by three mechanisms: RNA folding, iron response protein binding, and eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF3 binding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dual separable feedback systems govern firing rate homeostasis

    Yelena Kulik et al.
    A new mechanistic framework for considering the homeostatic control of neuronal firing rates is presented.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the human epithelial sodium channel by cryo-electron microscopy

    Sigrid Noreng et al.
    The first structure of the human epithelial sodium channel provides vital insight into the assembly, stoichiometry and molecular mechanism of the ion channel central to sodium homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An orphan cbb3-type cytochrome oxidase subunit supports Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm growth and virulence

    Jeanyoung Jo et al.
    During growth in biofilms and host infection, the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa employs respiratory heterocomplexes that support extracellular electron shuttling and pathogenicity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Temporal profiling of redox-dependent heterogeneity in single cells

    Meytal Radzinski et al.
    Analysis of aging yeast cells using the in-vivo roGFP2-based probe reveals redox-dependent heterogeneity, reflected in a bi-modal distribution of the oxidation status, differential growth and replication, as well as distinct proteomic and transcriptomic profiles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeting light-gated chloride channels to neuronal somatodendritic domain reduces their excitatory effect in the axon

    Jessica E Messier et al.
    A high axonal chloride concentration explains why activation of light-gated chloride channels causes neurotransmitter release, and a novel hybrid somatodendritic targeting motif ameliorates this phenomenon and improves their inhibitory function.

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