230 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Capillary pericytes mediate coronary no-reflow after myocardial ischaemia

    Fergus M O'Farrell et al.
    Lack of reperfusion of cardiac capillaries, when an upstream artery is unblocked following heart attack, reflects contractile pericytes constricting capillaries and preventing blood flow, implying that cardiac pericytes are a therapeutic target for treating cardiac ischaemia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Neuroprotective effects of TRPA1 channels in the cerebral endothelium following ischemic stroke

    Paulo Wagner Pires, Scott Earley
    Acute hypoxia activates TRPA1 channels in cerebral artery endothelial cells to activate an early adaptive response to reduce tissue ischemic damage through vasodilation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Suppression of ischemia in arterial occlusive disease by JNK-promoted native collateral artery development

    Kasmir Ramo et al.
    The kinase JNK is required in endothelial cells for the development of native collateral arteries.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    PTPRG is an ischemia risk locus essential for HCO3-dependent regulation of endothelial function and tissue perfusion

    Kristoffer B Hansen et al.
    HCO3-sensitive regulation of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation by receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase RPTPγ provides a novel mechanism for acid-base-mediated coordination of cerebrovascular perfusion during increased local metabolism and for protection against ischemia.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Investigating pleiotropic effects of statins on ischemic heart disease in the UK Biobank using Mendelian randomisation

    CM Schooling et al.
    Identifying why statins differ from other major lipid modifiers has revealed a new modifiable target of intervention for cardiovascular disease relevant to both drug development and optimal statin use.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Targeting mir128-3p alleviates myocardial insulin resistance and prevents ischemia-induced heart failure

    Andrea Ruiz-Velasco et al.
    Targeting mir128-3p could prevent cardiac insulin resistance in the non-infarcted myocardium and limit cardiac injury after myocardial infarction, delaying the development of heart failure.
    1. Cell Biology

    Hypoxic mitophagy regulates mitochondrial quality and platelet activation and determines severity of I/R heart injury

    Weilin Zhang et al.
    Mitophagy regulates mitochondrial quality and mediates extensive mitochondrial degradation in (patho-)physiological settings and is one of the key components of hypoxic preconditioning which protects the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury.
    1. Cell Biology

    ALKBH7 mediates necrosis via rewiring of glyoxal metabolism

    Chaitanya A Kulkarni et al.
    Multi-omics reveals that Alkb homolog 7 (ALKBH7), α mitochondrial alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase of unclear function, regulates glyoxal metabolism, which may explain its role in necrosis and heart attack.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Tissue acidosis induces neuronal necroptosis via ASIC1a channel independent of its ionic conduction

    Yi-Zhi Wang et al.
    An interaction between the ion channel ASIC1a and the protein RIP1 is responsible for neuronal death caused by tissue acidosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pro-death NMDA receptor signaling is promoted by the GluN2B C-terminus independently of Dapk1

    Jamie McQueen et al.
    Excitotoxicity driven by NMDA receptor hyper-activation does not involve DAPK1-dependent events in vitro or in vivo, and previously described DAPK1-NMDAR disrupting peptides act by blocking the NMDA receptor.

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