960 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of mouse protocadherin 15 of the stereocilia tip link in complex with LHFPL5

    Jingpeng Ge et al.
    Structures of a mouse PCDH15 and LHFPL5 complex, two proteins involved in converting sound into electrical signals, illuminate how mechanical stimuli are delivered to the membrane of inner ear hair cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Novel functions for integrin-associated proteins revealed by analysis of myofibril attachment in Drosophila

    Hannah J Green et al.
    Integrin and actin associated proteins are resolved into four layers within myofibril attachments, an architecture requiring balanced positive and negative regulation of integrin adhesion with integrated mechanotransduction and actin pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Focal optogenetic suppression in macaque area MT biases direction discrimination and decision confidence, but only transiently

    Christopher R Fetsch et al.
    Perceptual decision making in monkeys can be manipulated by using optogenetics to inactivate functional subregions of visual cortex, but the brain has a capacity to compensate for this perturbation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Decoupling the impact of microRNAs on translational repression versus RNA degradation in embryonic stem cells

    Jacob W Freimer et al.
    The deletion of Ddx6 results in the translational upregulation, but not transcript stabilization, of microRNA targets in embryonic stem cells while largely phenocopying the overall impact of global microRNA loss.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the benzodiazepine-sensitive α1β1γ2S tri-heteromeric GABAA receptor in complex with GABA

    Swastik Phulera et al.
    Structure of the triheteromeric α1β1γ2S GABAA receptor in complex with GABA illuminates the principles of receptor assembly and agonist binding.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The origin of the odorant receptor gene family in insects

    Philipp Brand et al.
    The insect odorant receptor gene family evolved at the base of the class Insecta before the evolution of flight and perhaps as an adaptation to terrestriality, and was therefore an important evolutionary novelty for insects.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Highly multiplexed immunofluorescence imaging of human tissues and tumors using t-CyCIF and conventional optical microscopes

    Jia-Ren Lin et al.
    t-CyCIF can be used to collect spatially-encoded, multiparametric data from fixed and embedded research or clinical specimens making it possible to probe the organization of tumors and tissues at a single-cell level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Characterization of developmental and molecular factors underlying release heterogeneity at Drosophila synapses

    Yulia Akbergenova et al.
    Active zone release probability is correlated with calcium channel density and calcium influx at single release sites, with release strength increasing in an activity-dependent manner during synapse maturation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct and evolutionary conserved structural features of the human nuclear exosome complex

    Piotr Gerlach et al.
    Cryo-EM structure and biochemical characterization of the human nuclear exosome reveals its specific properties with respect to the yeast complex, underscoring the evolutionary conservation of the RNA-channeling mechanisms and hMTR4 helicase recruitment.
    1. Cell Biology

    A Rho signaling network links microtubules to PKD controlled carrier transport to focal adhesions

    Stephan A Eisler et al.
    The small GTPase Rho connects GPCR signaling with PKD activity at TGN membranes and consequently anterograde trafficking to focal adhesions.

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