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29 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    C9orf72 arginine-rich dipeptide repeat proteins disrupt karyopherin-mediated nuclear import

    Lindsey R Hayes et al.
    Poly-PR and poly-GR interact with importin β, disrupt importin-cargo loading, and inhibit nuclear import in permeabilized cells in a manner that can be rescued by RNA.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpr antagonizes innate immune activation by targeting karyopherin-mediated NF-κB/IRF3 nuclear transport

    Hataf Khan et al.
    HIV-1 Vpr antagonises innate immune sensing of viral and non-viral stimuli by preventing activated IRF3 and NF-κB nuclear transport.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based nuclear import mechanism of histones H3 and H4 mediated by Kap123

    Sojin An et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies of Kap123 revealed the mechanisms by which Kap123 recognizes H3- and H4-NLSs through two lysine-binding pockets and by which evolutionarily conserved diacetylation of H4-NLS facilitates Kap123-H3-NLS mediated nuclear translocation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Importin-9 wraps around the H2A-H2B core to act as nuclear importer and histone chaperone

    Abhilash Padavannil et al.
    In an unusual complex that is not dissociated by RanGTP alone, Importin-9 sequesters the H2A-H2B core from promiscuous interactions.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Wolbachia cytoplasmic incompatibility enzyme CidB targets nuclear import and protamine-histone exchange factors

    John Frederick Beckmann et al.
    Genetic and proteomic screening with Wolbachia's CidB enzyme reveal the mechanisms and targets of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI).
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Importin-β modulates the permeability of the nuclear pore complex in a Ran-dependent manner

    Alan R Lowe et al.
    The Ran GTPase plays a role in defining the physical properties of the nuclear pore complex transport channel by remodeling the binding interactions of importin-β with the nucleoporin Nup153 at the nuclear face of the pore.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of diverse membrane target recognitions by ankyrins

    Chao Wang et al.
    The 24 ankyrin repeats of ankyrin proteins form an extended solenoid that provides an extremely conserved groove for binding to numerous targets via combinatorial usage of multiple weak interaction sites.
    1. Cell Biology

    Conformation of the nuclear pore in living cells is modulated by transport state

    Joan Pulupa et al.
    Polarized fluorescence microscopy of individual nuclear pores in vivo reveals conformational changes in select domains of proteins of the inner ring.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A RanGTP-independent mechanism allows ribosomal protein nuclear import for ribosome assembly

    Sabina Schütz et al.
    The Tsr2 carrier protein connects the nuclear import machinery with the ribosome assembly pathway.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Huntingtin’s spherical solenoid structure enables polyglutamine tract-dependent modulation of its structure and function

    Ravi Vijayvargia et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of full-length huntingtin protein illuminates the impact of the polyglutamine region on its structure and function.

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