158 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CARD14E138A signalling in keratinocytes induces TNF-dependent skin and systemic inflammation

    Joan Manils et al.
    Expression of a psoriasis-associated CARD14E138A mutant in keratinocytes induces TNF-dependent localised skin and systemic inflammation independently of the adaptive immune system.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dithranol targets keratinocytes, their crosstalk with neutrophils and inhibits the IL-36 inflammatory loop in psoriasis

    Theresa Benezeder et al.
    Targeting the differentiation regulators and/or AMPs of keratinocytes, rather than targeting immune cells, may be an alternative approach for topical anti-psoriatic treatment, an area with high need for new drugs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes contribute to normal cold and heat sensation

    Katelyn E Sadler et al.
    Purinergic keratinocyte-to-sensory neuron signaling is a ubiquitous amplification mechanism that is required for normal mechanical, cold, and heat sensation in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes can modulate and directly initiate nociceptive responses

    Kyle M Baumbauer et al.
    Optogenetics reveals that keratinocytes can evoke action potential firing in several types of cutaneous sensory afferents, including those that transmit thermal, mechanical and pain stimuli.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sharpin prevents skin inflammation by inhibiting TNFR1-induced keratinocyte apoptosis

    Snehlata Kumari et al.
    The adaptor proteins FADD and TRADD play an important role in the Sharpin-dependent anti-apoptosis signaling pathway in keratinocytes and regulate skin homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Keratinocytes mediate innocuous and noxious touch via ATP-P2X4 signaling

    Francie Moehring et al.
    Keratinocytes are critical for normal innocuous and noxious touch through their mechanically evoked ATP release and subsequent signaling to P2X4 channels on sensory neurons.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tumor suppression in basal keratinocytes via dual non-cell-autonomous functions of a Na,K-ATPase beta subunit

    Julia Hatzold et al.
    A Na,K-ATPase beta subunit can suppress basal cell carcinogenesis either via its osmoregulatory function to avoid hypotonic stress, or by promoting epithelial polarity and adhesiveness of basal keratinocytes from the overlying outer layer.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neonatal-derived IL-17 producing dermal γδ T cells are required to prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis

    Nicholas A Spidale et al.
    Neonatal-origin dermal Tγδ17 cells are required to maintain normal keratinocytes and prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    TRAF2 regulates TNF and NF-κB signalling to suppress apoptosis and skin inflammation independently of Sphingosine kinase 1

    Nima Etemadi et al.
    Intrinsic defects in keratinocytes can cause skin inflammation through excessive cell death and production of inflammatory molecules.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epidermal RAF prevents allergic skin disease

    Josipa Raguz et al.
    In keratinocytes, the BRAF and RAF1 proteins work independently to balance the activity of mitogenic and stress kinase cascades and uphold the mechanical and immunological barrier functions of the epidermis.

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