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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Bim escapes displacement by BH3-mimetic anti-cancer drugs by double-bolt locking both Bcl-XL and Bcl-2

    Qian Liu et al.
    The pro-apoptotic BH3-protein Bim contains two distinct binding sites for anti-apoptotic proteins that together confer resistance of Bim/Bcl-2 and Bim/Bcl-XL complexes to BH3-mimetic drugs under development for use in humans.
    1. Cell Biology

    Reconstruction of Par-dependent polarity in apolar cells reveals a dynamic process of cortical polarization

    Kalyn Kono et al.
    Par-complex-dependent cell polarity can be cell-autonomously conferred to non-polar Drosophila S2 cells, unveiling temporal patterns toward the cortical localization of Par-complex aggregates that include a meshwork containing unit segments.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Discovering and deciphering relationships across disparate data modalities

    Joshua T Vogelstein et al.
    Multiscale Graph Correlation, an interpretable hypothesis test with strong theoretical guarantees for discerning relationships in complex data, requires about half the sample size as other methods, whilst maintaining computational tractability.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synapse maintenance is impacted by ATAT-2 tubulin acetyltransferase activity and the RPM-1 signaling hub

    Melissa A Borgen et al.
    Genetic, developmental and pharmacological analysis in Caenorhabditis elegans demonstrate that ATAT-2 tubulin acetyltransferase activity regulates synapse maintenance by acting within the RPM-1 signaling network, but independent of the DLK-1 MAP3K.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse-specific opioid modulation of thalamo-cortico-striatal circuits

    William T Birdsong et al.
    By differentially modulating the two major excitatory inputs to the striatum, mu- and delta-opioid receptors regulate the balance between thalamic and cortical inputs to the striatum.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    In-depth human plasma proteome analysis captures tissue proteins and transfer of protein variants across the placenta

    Maria Pernemalm et al.
    Comprehensive mass spectrometry analysis of human plasma proteome reveals tissue leakage proteins, describes variability between individual plasma proteomes and demonstrates protein transfer across the placenta during pregnancy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Zygotic gene activation in the chicken occurs in two waves, the first involving only maternally derived genes

    Young Sun Hwang et al.
    In Aves, the first wave of transcription is derived exclusively from the maternal genome.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bumblebee visual allometry results in locally improved resolution and globally improved sensitivity

    Gavin J Taylor et al.
    Bigger bumblebee eyes have better vision, yet their field of view, sensitivity, and resolution do not all simply scale up with eye size, being improved locally instead.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Insights into the key determinants of membrane protein topology enable the identification of new monotopic folds

    Sonya Entova et al.
    Key sequence motifs, defined using the first reported structure of a monotopic membrane protein with a reentrant helix, enable identification of new monotopic membrane protein families previously predicted as membrane spanning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar learning using perturbations

    Guy Bouvier et al.
    A proposal for a complete cellular/network implementation of trial-and-error motor learning in the olivo-cerebellar system.