1,383 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved mechanisms of microtubule-stimulated ADP release, ATP binding, and force generation in transport kinesins

    Joseph Atherton et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of two microtubule-bound transport kinesins at 7 Å resolution reveal how microtubule track binding stimulates ADP release, primes the active site for ATP binding and enables force generation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution structures of kinesin on microtubules provide a basis for nucleotide-gated force-generation

    Zhiguo Shang et al.
    Microtubule attachment fundamentally modifies kinesin's behavior by triggering a ‘clamshell’ opening of the nucleotide cleft, subsequently reversed by ATP binding, that couples to cargo translocation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Multiple kinesins induce tension for smooth cargo transport

    Marco Tjioe et al.
    After developing a force-gliding assay with nanometer and piconewton precision, it is concluded that multiple kinesins driving a single cargo induces tension, resulting in smooth cargo transport, even with roadblocks.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinesin and dynein use distinct mechanisms to bypass obstacles

    Luke S Ferro et al.
    Dynein bypasses obstacles on microtubules more efficiently than single kinesin, and kinesins overcome this limitation when transporting intracellular cargos in teams.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Concerted action of kinesins KIF5B and KIF13B promotes efficient secretory vesicle transport to microtubule plus ends

    Andrea Serra-Marques et al.
    The function and distribution of kinesin motors on exocytotic vesicles is dissected and visualized through a combination of gene knockout experiments, high-resolution microscopy and advanced data analysis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The mechanism of kinesin inhibition by kinesin-binding protein

    Joseph Atherton et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reveals how kinesin-binding protein inhibits microtubule attachment in a subset of kinesins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Motility and microtubule depolymerization mechanisms of the Kinesin-8 motor, KIF19A

    Doudou Wang et al.
    The structural and functional analysis demonstrates the mechanism of dual functional, motility and microtubule depolymerization in a unique motor, KIF19A.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of cooperativity in kinesin revealed by 3D reconstruction of a two-head-bound state on microtubules

    Daifei Liu et al.
    A novel algorithm is used to solve the first 3D reconstruction of a stepping kinesin dimer on microtubules, directly visualizing the conformational effects of inter-head strain and giving novel insights into the motility mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Orchestration of microtubules and the actin cytoskeleton in trichome cell shape determination by a plant-unique kinesin

    Juan Tian et al.
    Kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein integrates microtubules and F-actin to assemble the cytoskeletal configuration needed for trichome formation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Competition between kinesin-1 and myosin-V defines Drosophila posterior determination

    Wen Lu et al.
    Posterior determination of Drosophila oocyte is defined by competition between kinesin-1 removing posterior determinants from the cortex and myosin-V anchoring them.

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