6,301 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Collagen polarization promotes epithelial elongation by stimulating locoregional cell proliferation

    Hiroko Katsuno-Kambe et al.
    Integrin- and ERK signaling stimulates mammary epithelial cell proliferation when extracellular collagen condenses, causing asymmetric growth of multicellular aggregates that is necessary for elongation during branching morphogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pathogenic LRRK2 control of primary cilia and Hedgehog signaling in neurons and astrocytes of mouse brain

    Shahzad S Khan et al.
    Striatal cholinergic interneurons and astrocytes lose cilia and show dysregulation of Hedgehog signaling in mice with a Parkinson's disease-associated, G2019S LRRK2 mutation or upon loss of PPM1H phosphatase specific for LRRK2-phosphorylated Rab GTPases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory and inhibitory receptors utilize distinct post- and trans-synaptic mechanisms in vivo

    Taisuke Miyazaki et al.
    Excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic receptors are maintained at corresponded postsynaptic sites with the different dependency of presynaptic neurons in the mature mammalian brain.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    RNF43 inhibits WNT5A-driven signaling and suppresses melanoma invasion and resistance to the targeted therapy

    Tomasz Radaszkiewicz et al.
    RNF43 interacts with receptor complexes of the Wnt/PCP signaling and its enzymatic activity results in the reduced cells sensitivity to WNT5A what translates in melanoma into decreased invasive properties and increased response to targeted therapies of this skin cancer.
    1. Neuroscience

    NHE6 depletion corrects ApoE4-mediated synaptic impairments and reduces amyloid plaque load

    Theresa Pohlkamp et al.
    Genetic disruption of sodium-hydrogen exchanger 6 (NHE6) reduces amyloid plaques in humanized Alzheimer's disease mouse models and restores normal synaptic responses to neuromodulatory input in humanized ApoE4-expressing animals.
    1. Plant Biology

    A novel bivalent chromatin associates with rapid induction of camalexin biosynthesis genes in response to a pathogen signal in Arabidopsis

    Kangmei Zhao et al.
    A previously uncharacterized type of bivalent chromatin plays an important role controlling the timely induction of genes involved in making a potent defense metabolite upon a pathogen signal in Arabidopsis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Redefining innate natural antibodies as important contributors to anti-tumor immunity

    Kavita Rawat et al.
    Natural antibodies play a fundamental role in anti-cancer immunity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Myopalladin knockout mice develop cardiac dilation and show a maladaptive response to mechanical pressure overload

    Maria Carmela Filomena et al.
    Ablation of the sarcomeric protein myopalladin (MYPN), associated with human cardiomyopathies, results in dilated cardiomyopathy, which is severely aggravated by biomechanical stress, suggesting that skeletal myopathy patients carrying MYPN loss-of-function mutations may develop cardiomyopathy under conditions of cardiac stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory sensory deprivation induced by noise exposure exacerbates cognitive decline in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease

    Fabiola Paciello et al.
    Central damage and sensory deprivation caused by noise-induced hearing loss in the pre-symptomatic Alzheimer's disease (AD) phase can compromise auditory cortex-hippocampal circuitry, targeting common pathogenetic pathways, thereby accelerating onset and progression of AD phenotype.
    1. Ecology

    Echolocating toothed whales use ultra-fast echo-kinetic responses to track evasive prey

    Heather Vance et al.
    Echolocating toothed whales can detect and react to sudden prey movements during close approaches with speeds similar to ultra-fast tracking responses in human vision.

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