6,847 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Comparative genetic screens in human cells reveal new regulatory mechanisms in WNT signaling

    Andres M Lebensohn et al.
    A systematic genetic analysis comprising seven genome-wide screens in haploid human cells uncovered new regulatory mechanisms at most levels in the WNT signaling pathway.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanics and kinetics of dynamic instability

    Thomas CT Michaels et al.
    A theoretical framework for the growth of microtubules quantifies the roles of geometry, mechanics, kinetics and randomness and provides a phase diagram for dynamic instability in these self-assembled polymers.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic mechanisms control the linear scaling between related cortical primary and higher order sensory areas

    Andreas Zembrzycki et al.
    Primary and higher order visual area dimensions in the neocortex are determined by the same genetic mechanisms during development which in turn also control the proportionate scaling between them.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinesin and dynein use distinct mechanisms to bypass obstacles

    Luke S Ferro et al.
    Dynein bypasses obstacles on microtubules more efficiently than single kinesin, and kinesins overcome this limitation when transporting intracellular cargos in teams.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A non-genetic, cell cycle-dependent mechanism of platinum resistance in lung adenocarcinoma

    Alvaro Gonzalez Rajal et al.
    Platinum chemotherapy resistance is a complex process involving multiple signalling pathways and a novel, non-genetic, cell cycle-dependent mechanism that promotes tumour regrowth and highlights potential complications for combination therapies in human lung adenocarcinoma.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinetic mechanism of coupled binding in sodium-aspartate symporter GltPh

    SeCheol Oh, Olga Boudker
    Sodium ions control the rates of both substrate binding and dissociation of an archaeal homologue of glutamate transporters in a manner that minimizes binding intermediates and maximizes transport efficiency.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The mechanism of kinesin inhibition by kinesin-binding protein

    Joseph Atherton et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reveals how kinesin-binding protein inhibits microtubule attachment in a subset of kinesins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Non-catalytic motor domains enable processive movement and functional diversification of the kinesin-14 Kar3

    Christine Mieck et al.
    The kinesin-14 motor Kar3 moves along microtubules using a previously undescribed mechanism that critically requires the presence of a non-catalytic head.
    1. Cell Biology

    A missense in HSF2BP causing primary ovarian insufficiency affects meiotic recombination by its novel interactor C19ORF57/BRME1

    Natalia Felipe-Medina et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analysis reveal a variant in HSF2BP causing POI and C19ORF57/BRME1 as an interactor and stabilizer of HSF2BP by forming a complex with BRCA2, RAD51, RPA and PALB2.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β reduces DNA ds-break repair mechanisms to heighten genetic diversity and adaptability of CD44+/CD24− cancer cells

    Debjani Pal et al.
    Phenotypic diversity and cell state transition (i.e., acquisition of a CD44+/CD24- cell state or exposure to TGF-beta) can spur intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and contribute to acquired resistance.

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