4,260 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mechanics and kinetics of dynamic instability

    Thomas CT Michaels et al.
    A theoretical framework for the growth of microtubules quantifies the roles of geometry, mechanics, kinetics and randomness and provides a phase diagram for dynamic instability in these self-assembled polymers.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    CRISPR/Cas9 and active genetics-based trans-species replacement of the endogenous Drosophila kni-L2 CRM reveals unexpected complexity

    Xiang-Ru Shannon Xu et al.
    Dissection of a cis-regulatory element (CRM) in its native chromosomal context using CRISPR/Cas9 editing and novel 'Active Genetics' reveals new features of CRM function and insights into how such regulatory elements change during evolution.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Direction-dependent arm kinematics reveal optimal integration of gravity cues

    Jeremie Gaveau et al.
    Theoretical models and experimental results reveal how the optimal integration of gravity cues fine tunes movement kinematics so that motor effort is minimized in the ubiquitous gravity field.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    The kinetics of pre-mRNA splicing in the Drosophila genome and the influence of gene architecture

    Athma A Pai et al.
    Surprising connections between gene architecture and splicing kinetics are illuminated using short, progressive metabolic labeling/RNA sequencing and novel computational modeling approaches in Drosophila cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Global donor and acceptor splicing site kinetics in human cells

    Leonhard Wachutka et al.
    Transient transcriptome sequencing and kinetic modeling suggest how the kinetics and yield of RNA splicing are encoded in the human genome.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Light-based tuning of ligand half-life supports kinetic proofreading model of T cell signaling

    Doug K Tischer, Orion David Weiner
    Direct control of ligand binding half-life with light shows that lifetime strongly affects T cell signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kinetic mechanism of coupled binding in sodium-aspartate symporter GltPh

    SeCheol Oh, Olga Boudker
    Sodium ions control the rates of both substrate binding and dissociation of an archaeal homologue of glutamate transporters in a manner that minimizes binding intermediates and maximizes transport efficiency.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Kinetics of initiating polypeptide elongation in an IRES-dependent system

    Haibo Zhang et al.
    The retarding effect of a ribosome-bound internal ribosome entry site on eukaryotic protein synthesis is largely overcome following translocation of tripeptidyl-tRNA.
    1. Neuroscience

    Position of UNC-13 in the active zone regulates synaptic vesicle release probability and release kinetics

    Keming Zhou et al.
    The precise position of UNC-13 at the active zone near a synapse depends on the N-terminus of the protein, and the C2A domain in particular, and is essential for accelerating neurotransmitter release.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Design principles of autocatalytic cycles constrain enzyme kinetics and force low substrate saturation at flux branch points

    Uri Barenholz et al.
    The stability of metabolic autocatalytic cycles that are widespread in central metabolism limits the affinities of enzymes at flux branch points and explains excess expression of these enzymes.

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