21 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Prediction of enzymatic pathways by integrative pathway mapping

    Sara Calhoun et al.
    A computational method identifies the functions of orphan enzymes by organizing them into metabolic pathways; the prediction of a new l-gulonate catabolic pathway is experimentally tested and confirmed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium falciparum parasites deploy RhopH2 into the host erythrocyte to obtain nutrients, grow and replicate

    Natalie A Counihan et al.
    Plasmodium parasites secrete RhopH2 from the rhoptry organelle into their host red blood cell to facilitate the uptake of essential nutrients required for parasite replication and survival.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal adenosine A2A receptor neurons control active-period sleep via parvalbumin neurons in external globus pallidus

    Xiang-Shan Yuan et al.
    Rostral and central striatum controls slow-wave sleep during active phase in mice.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impaired respiration elicits SrrAB-dependent programmed cell lysis and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus

    Ameya A Mashruwala et al.
    The absence of oxygen prompts Staphylococcus aureus cells to rupture resulting in increased formation of biofilms, which are the etiological agents of recurrent infections.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Unconventional secretory processing diversifies neuronal ion channel properties

    Cyril Hanus et al.
    Imaging, quantitative immunoblotting and mass spectrometry reveal that hundreds of surface-expressed neuronal membrane proteins exhibit atypical glycosylation profiles, resulting in changes in protein half-life and synaptic responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    p21-activated kinase 1 restricts tonic endocannabinoid signaling in the hippocampus

    Shuting Xia et al.
    PAK1 regulates inhibitory synaptic transmission in mice through a cyclooxygenase-2 dependent restriction in tonic, but not phasic, secretion of endocannabinoids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Eye opening differentially modulates inhibitory synaptic transmission in the developing visual cortex

    Wuqiang Guan et al.
    Our work demonstrated that eye opening differentially modulates inhibitory synaptic transmission from Sst-INs and FS-INs to excitatory neurons in the mammalian cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Appetite controlled by a cholecystokinin nucleus of the solitary tract to hypothalamus neurocircuit

    Giuseppe D'Agostino et al.
    A novel and distinct cholecystokinin brain circuit critically modulates food intake and body weight.
    1. Neuroscience

    The leak channel NALCN controls tonic firing and glycolytic sensitivity of substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons

    Andrew Lutas et al.
    Basal ganglia output neurons use the NALCN leak channel to maintain their characteristic tonic firing, and this channel is important for the modulation of firing by metabolic or receptor-mediated signals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The glucuronyltransferase B4GAT1 is required for initiation of LARGE-mediated α-dystroglycan functional glycosylation

    Tobias Willer et al.
    Post-phosphoryl modification of α-dystroglycan requires the glucuronyltransferase B4GAT1; this enzyme synthesizes the acceptor glycan that serves as a primer for the glycosyltransferase LARGE to synthesize the laminin-binding glycan.

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