1,966 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Male meiotic spindle features that efficiently segregate paired and lagging chromosomes

    Gunar Fabig et al.
    Chromosome segregation in male spermatocytes exhibits anaphase A without shortening of autosome-associated microtubules and partitioning of an unpaired X chromosome that is initiated by an imbalance of attached kinetochore microtubules.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Kinetochore protein depletion underlies cytokinesis failure and somatic polyploidization in the moss Physcomitrella patens

    Elena Kozgunova et al.
    Lagging chromosomes in anaphase inhibits cytokinesis in plant cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Role of SAGA in the asymmetric segregation of DNA circles during yeast ageing

    Annina Denoth-Lippuner et al.
    The SAGA complex binds non-chromosomal DNA circles and prevents their spreading by attaching them to nuclear pores, thereby leading to the concomitant accumulation of DNA circles and pores in ageing yeast mother cells.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    BubR1 alterations that reinforce mitotic surveillance act against aneuploidy and cancer

    Robbyn L Weaver et al.
    Strengthening of spindle assembly checkpoint activity and attachment error correction through BubR1 manipulation preserves genomic integrity and protects against tumor formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The asymmetry of female meiosis reduces the frequency of inheritance of unpaired chromosomes

    Daniel B Cortes et al.
    Female meiotic spindles correct trisomy by expelling extra chromosomes into the first polar body.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ULK3 regulates cytokinetic abscission by phosphorylating ESCRT-III proteins

    Anna Caballe et al.
    ULK3 is a kinase in the abscission checkpoint that temporarily inactivates ESCRT-III proteins via phosphorylation, which is required to delay cytokinesis in response to defects in mitosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary transitions between beneficial and phytopathogenic Rhodococcus challenge disease management

    Elizabeth A Savory et al.
    The horizontal acquisition of virulence plasmids is potentiated by production practices in plant nurseries and is sufficient to transition Rhodococcus from being beneficial to being pathogenic.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mitotic fidelity requires transgenerational action of a testis-restricted HP1

    Mia T Levine et al.
    Analysis of a spermiogenesis protein reveals a new chromatin requirement for synchrony between maternal DNA packaged in the egg and sperm-packaged paternal DNA in the first embryonic mitosis in Drosophila melanogaster.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Functional evidence implicating chromosome 7q22 haploinsufficiency in myelodysplastic syndrome pathogenesis

    Jasmine C Wong et al.
    Immature hematopoietic cells from mice with a large segmental deletion found in human myeloid malignancies exhibit cardinal features of myelodysplastic syndrome.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Loss of centromere function drives karyotype evolution in closely related Malassezia species

    Sundar Ram Sankaranarayanan et al.
    The centromeres in Malassezia species, by breakage or inactivation, facilitate genome rearrangements that can result in varying karyotypes and contribute to the evolution of these species.

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