163 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    LAP2alpha maintains a mobile and low assembly state of A-type lamins in the nuclear interior

    Nana Naetar et al.
    The lamin A/C binding protein LAP2α inhibits formation of higher order lamin structures in the nuclear interior in a lamin A/C-phosphorylation-independent manner, thereby regulating chromatin mobility.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K9me2 orchestrates inheritance of spatial positioning of peripheral heterochromatin through mitosis

    Andrey Poleshko et al.
    The histone modification H3K9me2 marks peripheral heterochromatin and ensures positional information is safeguarded through cell division such that individual lamina-associated domains are re-established at the nuclear periphery in daughter nuclei.
    1. Cell Biology

    Torsin ATPases influence chromatin interaction of the Torsin regulator LAP1

    Naemi Luithle et al.
    The INM protein LAP1B, an activator of Torsin ATPases, is a chromatin-binding factor that erroneously persists on mitotic chromatin if Torsin functionality is compromised, inducing chromosome segregation defects and binucleation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Actin assembly ruptures the nuclear envelope by prying the lamina away from nuclear pores and nuclear membranes in starfish oocytes

    Natalia Wesolowska et al.
    Combined light and electron microscopy reveals a new function for Arp2/3-mediated actin assembly in nuclear envelope rupture, which leads to a separation of nuclear membranes and pores from the lamina.
    1. Cell Biology

    PLK-1 promotes the merger of the parental genome into a single nucleus by triggering lamina disassembly

    Griselda Velez-Aguilera et al.
    The polo-like kinase (Plk1) phophorylates the C. elegans lamin LMN-1 to promote timely lamina disassembly, which is essential for the merging of the parental chromosomes at the beginning of life.
    1. Cell Biology

    A small-molecule ICMT inhibitor delays senescence of Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome cells

    Xue Chen et al.
    Knockout of the methyltransferase ICMT prevents progerin methylation and improves survival in mice with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and an ICMT inhibitor delays senescence and stimulates proliferation of HGPS cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Formation of polarity convergences underlying shoot outgrowths

    Katie Abley et al.
    Models that generate tandem alignments of cell polarities are more readily compatible with the formation of PIN1 polarity patterns in plant leaf buds than the most widely accepted “up-the-gradient” model.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CRIg, a tissue-resident macrophage specific immune checkpoint molecule, promotes immunological tolerance in NOD mice, via a dual role in effector and regulatory T cells

    Xiaomei Yuan et al.
    Tissue-resident macrophages sense environmental cues and regulate adaptive immunity via an immune checkpoint molecule CRIg.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase uses its NAD+ substrate-binding site to chaperone phosphorylated Tau

    Xiaojuan Ma et al.
    Mechanistic insight into the chaperone-like activity of NMNAT to phosphorylated Tau reveals a connection between NAD+metabolism and Tau homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Etv transcription factors functionally diverge from their upstream FGF signaling in lens development

    Ankur Garg et al.
    The FGF-induced Etv transcription factors operate outside the confines of upstream signaling in lens development.

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