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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Plant Biology

    Kinetics of the LOV domain of ZEITLUPE determine its circadian function in Arabidopsis

    Ashutosh Pudasaini et al.
    In the plant circadian clock photoreceptor ZEITLUPE, evolutionarily selected residues distinguish photocycle kinetics and allosteric signal transduction pathways to permit proper circadian timing.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative time-resolved analysis reveals intricate, differential regulation of standard- and immuno-proteasomes

    Juliane Liepe et al.
    Experimental and computational analyses reveal how proteasomal hydrolysis is regulated and show that peptide transport is the rate-limiting step and the main differentiating factor between human standard- and immuno-proteasomes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Quantification of gene expression patterns to reveal the origins of abnormal morphogenesis

    Neus Martínez-Abadías et al.
    Quantitative analyses associating the morphology of developing organs with dynamic gene expression patterns can reveal biological phenomena that cause malformations and malfunction but remain elusive to traditional qualitative assessments.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Molecular shifts in limb identity underlie development of feathered feet in two domestic avian species

    Eric T Domyan et al.
    Feathered feet of pigeons and chickens result from a partial molecular and morphological transformation of legs to a wing-like identity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    5-hydroxymethylcytosine marks regions with reduced mutation frequency in human DNA

    Marketa Tomkova et al.
    Different types of epigenetic DNA modifications affect the likelihood of cytosine mutations in cancer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The complete structure of the human TFIIH core complex

    Basil J Greber et al.
    The structure of human transcription factor IIH, a critical DNA repair and transcription initiation factor, has been determined by cryo-electron microscopy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb- and REST-associated histone deacetylases are independent pathways toward a mature neuronal phenotype

    James C McGann et al.
    Poised neuronal genes are repressed by REST and Polycomb in embryonic stem cells independently and via different chromatin modifications.
  1. Meta-Research: Questionable research practices may have little effect on replicability

    Rolf Ulrich, Jeff Miller
    Although questionable research practices inflate false positive rates, they have little effect on replicability because they also increase power.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations in the amplitude and burst rate of beta oscillations impair reward-dependent motor learning in anxiety

    Sebastian Sporn et al.
    State anxiety alters the dynamics of beta oscillations during reward-dependent motor learning, thereby impairing proper updating of motor predictions when learning in unstable environments.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    An allosteric Sec61 inhibitor traps nascent transmembrane helices at the lateral gate

    Andrew L MacKinnon et al.
    A small molecule, cotransin, blocks transmembrane domains form integrating into cell membranes by allosterically ‘locking’ the lateral gate of the Sec61 translocation channel.