1,738 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    miR-124 controls male reproductive success in Drosophila

    Ruifen Weng et al.
    A small RNA molecule called miR-124 controls pheromone production and sexual behaviour in Drosophila by regulating sex-specific gene expression in males.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Hypothemycin, a fungal natural product, identifies therapeutic targets in Trypanosoma brucei

    Mari Nishino et al.
    Hypothemycin, which inhibits a number of protein kinases, kills the T. brucei parasites that cause sleeping sickness and reveals new therapeutic targets for the disorder.
  1. Point of View: A recipe for mediocrity and disaster, in five axioms

    Henry R Bourne
    Biomedical research in the US will become unsustainable unless scientists and research institutions start to question certain assumptions they have long taken for granted.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The ER–Golgi intermediate compartment is a key membrane source for the LC3 lipidation step of autophagosome biogenesis

    Liang Ge et al.
    A cell-free biochemical assay for protein lipidation identifies the ER–Golgi intermediate compartment as a key early station in the formation of an autophagosome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    UNC-13L, UNC-13S, and Tomosyn form a protein code for fast and slow neurotransmitter release in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Zhitao Hu et al.
    Long and short variants of a protein called UNC-13, assisted by another called Tomosyn, regulate the timing of synaptic vesicle release in C. elegans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of synergistic activation of Arp2/3 complex by cortactin and N-WASP

    Luke A Helgeson, Brad J Nolen
    Single-molecule TIRF microscopy, biochemical assays and mathematical modeling demonstrate how actin-branch nucleation by the Arp2/3 complex is coordinately regulated by two biochemically distinct activators.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An essential role for maternal control of Nodal signaling

    Pooja Kumari et al.
    Regulation of conserved Nodal factors by a maternal protein ensures that Nodal signaling is repressed until the appropriate time in embryonic development.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stochastic homeostasis in human airway epithelium is achieved by neutral competition of basal cell progenitors

    Vitor H Teixeira et al.
    Cell replenishment within the airways is governed by the random division of a population of basal progenitor cells, in a process that is accelerated in smokers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Subdued, a TMEM16 family Ca2+-activated Cl channel in Drosophila melanogaster with an unexpected role in host defense

    Xiu Ming Wong et al.
    A newly characterized calcium-activated chloride channel has been implicated in the immune system of Drosophila, shedding light on an enigmatic family of transmembrane proteins that are ubiquitous in nature.
    1. Cancer Biology

    BRAF inhibitors suppress apoptosis through off-target inhibition of JNK signaling

    Harina Vin et al.
    The cancer drug vemurafenib has potent off-target effects on JNK signaling that contribute to the development of squamous cell carcinomas in humans and in mice.

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