459 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Minimally dependent activity subspaces for working memory and motor preparation in the lateral prefrontal cortex

    Cheng Tang et al.
    The evidence of subspace computation in the lateral prefrontal cortex provides insights into the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive flexibility and interference between different cognitive processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 2/3 pyramidal cells in the medial prefrontal cortex moderate stress induced depressive behaviors

    Prerana Shrestha et al.
    The well-established link between stress and depression could be due to the activity of a population of cells in prefrontal cortex that express a gene mutated in the rare disorder Wolfram syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hierarchical organization of the lateral prefrontal cortex

    Derek Evan Nee, Mark D'Esposito
    Areas in the middle of the lateral prefrontal cortex select behaviors by taking into account both current and future needs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal evidence for lateral prefrontal cortex dynamics supporting cognitive control

    Derek Evan Nee, Mark D'Esposito
    Non-invasive brain stimulation tests and refines a model of lateral prefrontal cortex neural dynamics supporting cognitive control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human subthalamic nucleus activity during non-motor decision making

    Baltazar A Zavala et al.
    Intraoperative human brain recordings during a memory task reveal that when participants inhibit memory formation, the subthalamic nucleus shows higher beta power and beta coherence with areas of the lateral cortex implicated in memory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amount of fear extinction changes its underlying mechanisms

    Bobae An et al.
    The inhibition mechanism of fear extinction operates primarily in the early phase of extinction training, and the erasure mechanism takes over after that.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical excitability controls the strength of mental imagery

    Rebecca Keogh et al.
    Visual and prefrontal cortex excitability predict individual differences in visual imagery strength, and modulating excitability in these cortical regions causally alters the strength of visual imagery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural representation of newly instructed rule identities during early implementation trials

    Hannes Ruge et al.
    Ventro-lateral prefrontal cortex codes novel rules starting from their first-time implementation right after instruction while early consolidation is channeled through increasing cooperation with the anterior striatum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Generalizable knowledge outweighs incidental details in prefrontal ensemble code over time

    Mark D Morrissey et al.
    Neuron ensembles in the medial prefrontal cortex gradually develop codes for relevant, latent variables common across multiple experiences while – apparently independently – losing information about irrelevant, contextual variables unique to each experience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal inputs engage CCK+ interneurons to mediate endocannabinoid-modulated feed-forward inhibition in the prefrontal cortex

    Xingchen Liu et al.
    Endocannabinoids modulate ventral hippocampal inputs to the infralimbic prefrontal cortex by dampening feed-forward inhibition mediated by cholecystokinin-expressing (CCK+) interneurons onto layer 5 intratelencephalic (IT) cells.

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