2,485 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genome expansion in early eukaryotes drove the transition from lateral gene transfer to meiotic sex

    Marco Colnaghi et al.
    Lateral gene transfer is unable to resist mutation accumulation in large genomes, leading to selective pressure for the origin of meiotic sex in the first eukaryotes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Complex transcriptional regulation and independent evolution of fungal-like traits in a relative of animals

    Alex de Mendoza et al.
    Functional genomics reveal complex genome regulation during the coenocytic development of the ichthyosporean Creolimax fragrantissima, a protist closely related to animals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    A gene horizontally transferred from bacteria protects arthropods from host plant cyanide poisoning

    Nicky Wybouw et al.
    The enzyme that allows some mites and insects to detoxify the hydrogen cyanide produced by plants has been identified.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inter-species population dynamics enhance microbial horizontal gene transfer and spread of antibiotic resistance

    Robert M Cooper et al.
    Killing their neighbors allows bacteria to steal genes, including antibiotic resistance genes, which we observed under a microscope, quantified, modeled, and predicted potentially guiding strategies to combat it.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neighbor predation linked to natural competence fosters the transfer of large genomic regions in Vibrio cholerae

    Noémie Matthey et al.
    Whole-genome sequencing reveals the remarkable extent of horizontally moving genetic material in naturally competent Vibrio cholerae after a prey-killing DNA acquisition process.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Systematic detection of horizontal gene transfer across genera among multidrug-resistant bacteria in a single hospital

    Daniel R Evans et al.
    Mobile genetic elements were identified and tracked as they exchanged between multidrug-resistant bacteria causing infections at a single hospital.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Evidence for loss and reacquisition of alcoholic fermentation in a fructophilic yeast lineage

    Carla Gonçalves et al.
    Comparative genomics coupled with genetic and biochemical studies show that central carbon metabolism in fungi can be remodeled by genes originating from bacteria.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The horizontally-acquired response regulator SsrB drives a Salmonella lifestyle switch by relieving biofilm silencing

    Stuti K Desai et al.
    A response regulator acquired via lateral gene transfer has rewired an ancestral genetic circuitry and regulates alternative pathogenic lifestyles.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Combinations of Spok genes create multiple meiotic drivers in Podospora

    Aaron A Vogan et al.
    Members of a single gene family determine the genomic basis of multiple coexisting meiotic drive elements in natural populations of Podospora.

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