1,524 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Amplitude modulations of cortical sensory responses in pulsatile evidence accumulation

    Sue Ann Koay et al.
    From as early as primary visual cortex and across posterior cortical areas, neural responses to visual pulses during an evidence-accumulation task exhibit a multitude of task-related amplitude modulations/gain changes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modeling transfer of vaginal microbiota from mother to infant in early life

    Martin Steen Mortensen et al.
    Modeling weighted transfer ratios enable statistical analysis of maternal–infant transfer at a more general level and can indicate whether any transfer is persistent, transient, or originates from alternate sources.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Metabolic control of cellular immune-competency by odors in Drosophila

    Sukanya Madhwal et al.
    Impact of odor experience on myeloid metabolism and immunity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Emx2 regulates hair cell rearrangement but not positional identity within neuromasts

    Sho Ohta et al.
    Emx2 is not required for sibling HCs to acquire their designated locations within the neuromast, inferring that Emx2 mediates opposite HC orientation by changing location of hair bundle establishment.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Fruitless mutant male mosquitoes gain attraction to human odor

    Nipun S Basrur et al.
    Engineering male mosquitoes lacking the fruitless gene induces them to be attracted to humans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mixed cytomegalovirus genotypes in HIV-positive mothers show compartmentalization and distinct patterns of transmission to infants

    Juanita Pang et al.
    Genomic analyses provide new insights into natural history and pathogenesis of cytomegalovirus infection and suggest new testable hypotheses that could be important for the design and implementation of new vaccines.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin modulates human chemosensory decoding of sex in a dose-dependent manner

    Kepu Chen et al.
    Oxytocin, but not the structurally similar vasopressin, modulates both the chemosensory decoding of femininity in straight men and that of masculinity in gay men in an inverted-U-shaped manner.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pituitary stem cells produce paracrine WNT signals to control the expansion of their descendant progenitor cells

    John P Russell et al.
    Stem cells of the pituitary gland contribute to organ growth cell non-autonomously by promoting proliferation of committed progenitors through WNT ligand secretion.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Visualization of stem cell activity in pancreatic cancer expansion by direct lineage tracing with live imaging

    Takahisa Maruno et al.
    Genetic lineage tracing approach combined with live imaging visualized the functional stem cell activity of Doublecortin-like kinase 1+ cells within pancreatic cancer in vivo.

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