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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    A century of trends in adult human height

    NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
    Height in early adulthood is an indicator that integrates across different dimensions of sustainable human development with links to health and longevity, nutrition, education and economic productivity.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Neural stem cell-encoded temporal patterning delineates an early window of malignant susceptibility in Drosophila

    Karine Narbonne-Reveau et al.
    Sequentially expressed temporal transcription factors in neural stem cells during early development determine which progeny can undergo malignant transformation upon dedifferentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Accelerated remyelination during inflammatory demyelination prevents axonal loss and improves functional recovery

    Feng Mei et al.
    Uncoupling the immunological response and degenerative processes from possible repair demonstrates that remyelination prevents axonal loss after inflammatory demyelination.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Sox17 and β-catenin co-occupy Wnt-responsive enhancers to govern the endoderm gene regulatory network

    Shreyasi Mukherjee et al.
    Genomic analysis of Xenopus gastrula reveal that the transcription factor Sox17 interacts with the Wnt signaling effector ß-catenin on enhancers to regulate the transcriptional program underlying endoderm germ layer formation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    'Palaeoshellomics’ reveals the use of freshwater mother-of-pearl in prehistory

    Jorune Sakalauskaite et al.
    Ancient proteomes from tiny shell ornaments were successfully characterised for the first time, showing the unexpected use of mother-of-pearl from local riverine molluscs in both coastal and inland prehistoric sites.
    1. Ecology

    Sequestration and activation of plant toxins protect the western corn rootworm from enemies at multiple trophic levels

    Christelle AM Robert et al.
    The western corn rootworm escapes biological control by entomopathogenic nematodes by partitioning and phenocopying the plant defense system for self-protection.
    1. Ecology

    Implications of being born late in the active season for growth, fattening, torpor use, winter survival and fecundity

    Britta Mahlert et al.
    Being born late in the active season is associated with a fast life history in a hibernating species, the garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus).
    1. Neuroscience

    Local synaptic inputs support opposing, network-specific odor representations in a widely projecting modulatory neuron

    Xiaonan Zhang et al.
    The activity of serotonergic neurons spanning multiple olfactory areas is regulated by both local synaptic interactions and dendrite wide computations.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Germline burden of rare damaging variants negatively affects human healthspan and lifespan

    Anastasia V Shindyapina et al.
    Rare highly damaging mutations that are present in most human genomes decrease lifespan and are associated with an earlier onset of chronic diseases.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The mother’s risk of premature death after child loss across two centuries

    Unnur A Valdimarsdóttir et al.
    A large-scale, sibling-based analysis of the Icelandic population spanning two centuries demonstrates an increase in maternal mortality rates after child loss on both sides of a major demographic transition.