3,453 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-dependent recruitment of lateral inhibition underlies retinal direction selectivity

    Qiang Chen et al.
    Synapse-specific genetic manipulations show that distinct GABAergic inputs are differentially recruited to encode motion direction in the retina in a stimulus-dependent manner.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    An allosteric Sec61 inhibitor traps nascent transmembrane helices at the lateral gate

    Andrew L MacKinnon et al.
    A small molecule, cotransin, blocks transmembrane domains form integrating into cell membranes by allosterically ‘locking’ the lateral gate of the Sec61 translocation channel.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct lateral inhibitory circuits drive parallel processing of sensory information in the mammalian olfactory bulb

    Matthew A Geramita et al.
    Distinct lateral inhibitory circuits affect spiking in olfactory bulb mitral and tufted cells differently, which ultimately allows each cell type to best discriminate between similar odors in separate concentration ranges.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Fine-tuning of Notch signaling sets the boundary of the organ of Corti and establishes sensory cell fates

    Martin L Basch et al.
    The cochlea deploys two Fringe proteins at exactly the same time and position to regulate a novel mode of Notch signaling that sets the boundary of the organ of Corti, the ear's hearing organ.
    1. Neuroscience

    The adipocyte hormone leptin sets the emergence of hippocampal inhibition in mice

    Camille Dumon et al.
    Maternal obesity and excess of the adipocyte hormone leptin delays the emergence of synaptic inhibition in the developing brain mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Is cell size a spandrel?

    Ariel Amir
    Analysis of experiments on bacteria suggests that the dependence of cell size on growth rate is not an adaptation but a causal consequence of a regulatory mechanism that controls DNA replication.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mating Behaviour: To mate or not to mate

    Florencia Campetella, Silke Sachse
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Organ Size: Connecting physical cues and tissue patterning

    Damian Dalle Nogare, Ajay B Chitnis
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viruses: The secrets of the stability of the HIV-1 capsid

    Martin Obr, Hans-Georg Kräusslich
    Structural and biophysical studies help to follow the disassembly of the HIV-1 capsid in vitro, and reveal the role of a small molecule called IP6 in regulating capsid stability.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Signaling Systems: Transferring information without distortion

    Steven S Andrews et al.
    Despite employing diverse molecular mechanisms, many different cell signaling systems avoid losing information by transmitting it in a linear manner.
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