4,865 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits modulate Cav2.3-mediated release from medial habenula terminals

    Pradeep Bhandari et al.
    The direct interaction of R-type Ca2+ channel Cav2.3 and GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits in the active zone of medial habenula terminals scales synaptic strength independent of GABAB receptor activation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric communication in DNA polymerase clamp loaders relies on a critical hydrogen-bonded junction

    Subu Subramanian et al.
    Deep mutagenesis of a clamp-loader complex reveals a critical hydrogen-bonded junction that is important for allosteric communication in oligomeric AAA+ ATPases.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Selection for increased tibia length in mice alters skull shape through parallel changes in developmental mechanisms

    Colton M Unger et al.
    Artificial selection for increased tibia length in mice made their skulls longer, narrower, and flatter, suggesting that even distant skeletal regions can evolve as correlated responses to selection acting locally.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Sex differences in biological aging with a focus on human studies

    Sara Hägg, Juulia Jylhävä
    Biological aging processes and age-related diseases demonstrate sexual dimorphism where complex interactions between underlying aging mechanisms and sex chromosomes and hormones are seen in humans and animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fully autonomous mouse behavioral and optogenetic experiments in home-cage

    Yaoyao Hao et al.
    A fully automated workflow for high-throughput mouse behavioral and optogenetic experiments in homecage reveals involvement of brain regions in tactile decision-making.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Optimal evolutionary decision-making to store immune memory

    Oskar H Schnaack, Armita Nourmohammad
    Actively regulated immune memory differentiation, with a preference for cross-reactive receptors with moderate affinity against pathogens as opposed to high-affinity receptors, confers a long-term benefit to the host.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane transporter dimerization driven by differential lipid solvation energetics of dissociated and associated states

    Rahul Chadda et al.
    Differences in the lipid solvation energetics of associated and dissociated states is a primary driving force for membrane protein oligomerization, presenting a molecular mechanism for lipid regulation in biology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    DCC regulates astroglial development essential for telencephalic morphogenesis and corpus callosum formation

    Laura Morcom et al.
    Axon guidance molecules DCC and NTN1 regulate astroglial-mediated interhemispheric remodelling required for corpus callosum formation in humans and mice.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Widespread premature transcription termination of Arabidopsis thaliana NLR genes by the spen protein FPA

    Matthew T Parker et al.
    The expression of Arabidopsis NLR immune response genes is modulated by premature transcription termination, and this has implications for understanding NLR regulation and evolutionary dynamics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Molecular tracking devices quantify antigen distribution and archiving in the murine lymph node

    Shannon M Walsh et al.
    Antigen-phosphorothioate DNA conjugation provides a vaccination strategy where stable barcodes facilitate the detection and quantification of antigen using single-cell RNA sequencing.

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