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    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic representation of 3D auditory space in the midbrain of the free-flying echolocating bat

    Ninad B Kothari et al.
    Neurons in the midbrain superior colliculus of free-flying echolocating bats represent 3D sensory space, and the depth tuning of single neurons is modulated by an animal's active sonar inspection of physical objects in its environment.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle during development with characteristics of atrophy and no evidence of cell death

    Mai P Tran et al.
    Evolutionary loss of foot muscle in a bipedal rodent shares similarities with skeletal muscle atrophy, which is typically considered a pathological response to injury or disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning to stand with unexpected sensorimotor delays

    Brandon G Rasman et al.
    The nervous system can learn to control standing balance with added sensorimotor delays by causally linking delayed whole-body sensory feedback, initially deemed as unexpected, to self-generated balance motor commands.
    1. Neuroscience

    Phasic and tonic neuron ensemble codes for stimulus-environment conjunctions in the lateral entorhinal cortex

    Maryna Pilkiw et al.
    Neuron populations in the lateral entorhinal cortex discriminate between memory-based contexts through both continuous "tonic" activity patterns as well as by their stimulus-evoked "phasic" responses.
    1. Ecology

    Sequestration and activation of plant toxins protect the western corn rootworm from enemies at multiple trophic levels

    Christelle AM Robert et al.
    The western corn rootworm escapes biological control by entomopathogenic nematodes by partitioning and phenocopying the plant defense system for self-protection.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Spatio-temporal control of mutualism in legumes helps spread symbiotic nitrogen fixation

    Benoit Daubech et al.
    Experiments and mathematical modelling show that rare nitrogen fixing symbionts invade a population dominated by non-fixing bacteria across plant generations, above a threshold of a combination of ecological factors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Step-to-step variations in human running reveal how humans run without falling

    Nidhi Seethapathi, Manoj Srinivasan
    Natural step-to-step variations show how human running is stabilized, underscoring the importance of center of mass control and showing how humans run without falling despite muscle noise and uneven terrain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A kinematic synergy for terrestrial locomotion shared by mammals and birds

    Giovanna Catavitello et al.
    General principles of the limb segment control for terrestrial locomotion have emerged in evolution and highlight the existence of the laws of biological motion that apply to various animal species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aversive stimuli drive hypothalamus-to-habenula excitation to promote escape behavior

    Salvatore Lecca et al.
    Glutamatergic signaling from the lateral hypothalamus instructs lateral habenular neurons for encoding aversive external stimuli to subsequently guide escape behaviours.
    1. Cell Biology

    Science Forum: Vision, challenges and opportunities for a Plant Cell Atlas

    Plant Cell Atlas Consortium et al.
    A Plant Cell Atlas that shows the location and organization of molecules at cellular and tissue levels could have far-reaching consequences for plant sciences.