7,387 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 6 ensembles can selectively regulate the behavioral impact and layer-specific representation of sensory deviants

    Jakob Voigts et al.
    Changing which layer 6 neurons are active during sensory tasks disrupts the detection and encoding of changes, but still allows integration of sensory information in the absence of changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parallel pathways for sound processing and functional connectivity among layer 5 and 6 auditory corticofugal neurons

    Ross S Williamson, Daniel B Polley
    Targeted recordings from subcortical projection neurons in the auditory cortex reveal two cell classes with distinct signatures of sensory processing and different patterns of local and long-range connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    PI3K-Yap activity drives cortical gyrification and hydrocephalus in mice

    Achira Roy et al.
    Embryonic PI3K-Yap activity regulates apical adhesion and proliferation of neural progenitors lining the lateral ventricular surface, to maintain the smooth, non-folded mouse brain and to prevent developmental hydrocephalus.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    SMC5/6 is required for replication fork stability and faithful chromosome segregation during neurogenesis

    Alisa Atkins et al.
    The structural maintenance of chromosomes complex, SMC5/6, is crucial for brain development and function as it ensures proficient DNA replication in neural progenitor cells prior to chromosome segregation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lifting the veil on the dynamics of neuronal activities evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation

    Bingshuo Li et al.
    A cellular-level in vivo investigative method that provides unprecedented insights into the dynamics of neuronal activities evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ephrin-B3 controls excitatory synapse density through cell-cell competition for EphBs

    Nathan T Henderson et al.
    Competition between neurons for postsynaptic ephrin-B3 controls distribution of a limited pool of synapses and defines a novel trans-synaptic mechanism enabling neurons to set the number of synapses they receive.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Axon injury triggers EFA-6 mediated destabilization of axonal microtubules via TACC and doublecortin like kinase

    Lizhen Chen et al.
    Severing axons in C. elegans reveals a mechanism by which the axons sense acute damage and respond by sequential remodeling of their microtubule cytoskeleton.
    1. Cell Biology

    The quantitative architecture of centromeric chromatin

    Dani L Bodor et al.
    The number of CENP-A molecules at human centromeres helps to explain how this structure is built and epigenetically inherited.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In-host population dynamics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex during active disease

    Roger Vargas et al.
    Bulk whole genome sequencing data can be used to study the genetic variation present in pathogenic bacterial populations over the time-course of a single infection within a host.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Vascular dimorphism ensured by regulated proteoglycan dynamics favors rapid umbilical artery closure at birth

    Sumeda Nandadasa et al.
    Morphologic, molecular, biomechanical and computational analyses show that the specialized extracellular matrix architecture of the umbilical artery contributes to its rapid closure at birth and regulates smooth muscle cell differentiation.

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