5,493 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-, layer- and cell-type-specific thalamic input to mouse barrel cortex

    B Semihcan Sermet et al.
    Two distinct thalamocortical pathways were found to provide differential excitatory synaptic input to distinct cell-types across layers of mouse primary somatosensory barrel cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Two receptor tyrosine phosphatases dictate the depth of axonal stabilizing layer in the visual system

    Satoko Hakeda-Suzuki et al.
    Two receptor tyrosine phosphatases having overlapping function for the determination of the final axon stabilizing layer is encoded for their cumulative cytoplasmic activity and ligand specificity in the visual system.
    1. Neuroscience

    A genuine layer 4 in motor cortex with prototypical synaptic circuit connectivity

    Naoki Yamawaki et al.
    New evidence challenges the long-held view that motor cortex lacks a fourth layer, and reveals that its circuitry resembles that of other cortical regions more than previously thought.
    1. Neuroscience

    High and asymmetric somato-dendritic coupling of V1 layer 5 neurons independent of visual stimulation and locomotion

    Valerio Francioni et al.
    Layer 5 neuron apical tuft in mouse visual cortex display widespread, highly correlated calcium signals, with a strong and asymmetric coupling to somatic signals, independent of visual stimulation and locomotion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Identity of neocortical layer 4 neurons is specified through correct positioning into the cortex

    Koji Oishi et al.
    Layer 4 neuronal identity is specified by Protocadherin20 positioning the neurons into layer 4 so that they receive a positional cue from thalamocortical axons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Energy imbalance alters Ca2+ handling and excitability of POMC neurons

    Lars Paeger et al.
    The development of diet-dependent obesity results in the deterioration of calcium homeostasis in pro-opiomelanocortin-expressing neurons and impaired function of the same neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    SOX2 O-GlcNAcylation alters its protein-protein interactions and genomic occupancy to modulate gene expression in pluripotent cells

    Samuel A Myers et al.
    A post-translational modification called O-GlcNAcylation modulates the activity of the SOX2 transcription factor in pluripotent stem cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Enabling X-ray free electron laser crystallography for challenging biological systems from a limited number of crystals

    Monarin Uervirojnangkoorn et al.
    Post-refinement methods enable the use of X-ray free electron lasers for biological crystallography of systems in which sample quantity is a limitation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Auto-regulation of Rab5 GEF activity in Rabex5 by allosteric structural changes, catalytic core dynamics and ubiquitin binding

    Janelle Lauer et al.
    Understanding the complex auto-regulatory mechanisms for guanine nucleotide exchange factors is critically important for fully appreciating the layers of control for small GTPases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 2/3 pyramidal cells in the medial prefrontal cortex moderate stress induced depressive behaviors

    Prerana Shrestha et al.
    The well-established link between stress and depression could be due to the activity of a population of cells in prefrontal cortex that express a gene mutated in the rare disorder Wolfram syndrome.

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