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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An atomic-resolution view of neofunctionalization in the evolution of apicomplexan lactate dehydrogenases

    Jeffrey I Boucher et al.
    The convergent evolution of unusually strict substrate specificity in apicomplexan LDHs arose by classic neofunctionalization of a duplicated MDH gene via few mutations of large effect.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    R7 photoreceptor axon targeting depends on the relative levels of lost and found expression in R7 and its synaptic partners

    Jessica Douthit et al.
    R7 photoreceptors require the endosomal protein Lost and Found to form stable connections only when this protein is also present in neurons that are synaptic partners of R7.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of scavenger receptor B1 as the airway microfold cell receptor for Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Haaris S Khan et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis penetrates the airway mucosa through M cells via the mycobacterial virulence factor EsxA and the host M cell surface receptor scavenger receptor B1.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Nuclear receptor NR4A is required for patterning at the ends of the planarian anterior-posterior axis

    Dayan J Li et al.
    NR4A is a broadly conserved transcription factor that is required for concordance of patterning information and anatomy at both ends of the planarian anterior-posterior axis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    An extracellular biochemical screen reveals that FLRTs and Unc5s mediate neuronal subtype recognition in the retina

    Jasper J Visser et al.
    An integrated approach for studying laminar organization in the developing mouse retina identifies two families of extracellular recognition proteins that mediate neuronal subtype-specific recognition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Akt phosphorylates insulin receptor substrate to limit PI3K-mediated PIP3 synthesis

    Alison L Kearney et al.
    Akt phosphorylates insulin receptor substrate to engage negative feedback and limit signal propagation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Metabolic control of cellular immune-competency by odors in Drosophila

    Sukanya Madhwal et al.
    Impact of odor experience on myeloid metabolism and immunity.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Integrin alpha11 is an Osteolectin receptor and is required for the maintenance of adult skeletal bone mass

    Bo Shen et al.
    Integrin a11 is identified as an Osteolectin receptor, revealing a new mechanism for adult skeletal bone maintenance in which Osteolectin/a11b1 signaling promotes bone formation by activating the Wnt pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Diversification of heart progenitor cells by EGF signaling and differential modulation of ETS protein activity

    Benjamin Schwarz et al.
    A novel regulatory model for the diversification of cardiac cell subpopulations in Drosophila is established by linking epidermal growth factor signaling with differential activities of key transcription factors.