1,871 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Insights into AMS/PCAT transporters from biochemical and structural characterization of a double Glycine motif protease

    Silvia C Bobeica et al.
    Structural and biochemical characterization of the protease domain of an ABC transporter demonstrates the basis for recognition of substrate leader peptides.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of substrate recognition by a polypeptide processing and secretion transporter

    Virapat Kieuvongngam et al.
    Cryo-EM structure of a peptidase-containing ABC transporter in complex with its protein substrate reveals a mechanism of coupling substrate cleavage to translocation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Stimulation strength controls the rate of initiation but not the molecular organisation of TCR-induced signalling

    Claire Y Ma et al.
    The strength of TCR signalling determines the rate at which cells initiate a tightly coordinated signalling programme, without altering its organization.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial colonization stimulates a complex physiological response in the immature human intestinal epithelium

    David R Hill et al.
    Contact with bacteria and subsequent hypoxia promotes functional maturation of the immature gastrointestinal tract.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unfolded protein-induced conformational switch activates mammalian IRE1

    G Elif Karagöz et al.
    ER-stress sensing mechanism of the unfolded protein response sensor/transducer IRE1 is conserved from yeast to mammals, where in mammals, unfolded protein binding to IRE1's ER lumenal domain is coupled to its oligomerization and activation through an allosteric conformational change.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    TAPBPR alters MHC class I peptide presentation by functioning as a peptide exchange catalyst

    Clemens Hermann et al.
    We reveal TAPBPR is a peptide exchange catalyst which restricts the peptide repertoire presented by MHC I on cells, a finding which has important implications for all aspects of immune recognition.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Optimization-by-design of hepatotropic lipid nanoparticles targeting the sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide

    Dominik Witzigmann et al.
    The combination of in vitro investigations, the zebrafish screening model and rodent experiments offered a unique approach to optimizing nanoparticles modified with Hepatitis B virus-derived peptides to specifically target hepatocytes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Trifunctional cross-linker for mapping protein-protein interaction networks and comparing protein conformational states

    Dan Tan et al.
    An enrichable cross-linker with optional isotope labeling quadruples the number of cross-linked peptides identified from high-complexity samples, enhancing proteome-wide analysis of protein-protein interactions and protein conformational changes by mass spectrometry.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Design of biochemical pattern forming systems from minimal motifs

    Philipp Glock et al.
    Theoretical analysis and in vitro reconstitution of a biological reaction-diffusion system identify key functional motifs as well as underlying principles and enable rebuilding pattern formation in a modular fashion.
    1. Cell Biology

    ATR expands embryonic stem cell fate potential in response to replication stress

    Sina Atashpaz et al.
    ATR protects stem cell genomes by activating a transcriptional response mediated by totipotency genes, conferring trophoblast differentiation potential, the derepression of which in somatic cells might favour cancer features emergence.

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