1,706 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    A lectin receptor kinase as a potential sensor for extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Chenggang Wang et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses demonstrate that cell-surface lectin receptors can potentially function as extracellular NAD+-binding receptors and provide direct evidence for extracellular NAD+ being a bona fide endogenous signaling molecule in plants.
    1. Plant Biology

    Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins as chaperones and co-receptors for FERONIA receptor kinase signaling in Arabidopsis

    Chao Li et al.
    FERONIA receptor kinase interacts with phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins LORELEI and LLG1 to ensure its proper functional location in the cell membrane and engages them as co-receptors on the cell surface to mediate a broad spectrum of growth and signaling processes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cell Signaling: Extraordinary effects of unnatural pairings

    Alejandro Villarino, John J O'Shea
    Engineered molecules based on human cytokines have potential uses in research and medicine.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dynamics regulating the timing of decision-making in C. elegans

    Yuki Tanimoto et al.
    A series of quantitative behavioural and opto-physiological analyses using a novel robot microscope system reveals that C. elegans computes the time-differential and time-integral of sensory information for decision-making during olfactory navigation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    NFATc2 enhances tumor-initiating phenotypes through the NFATc2/SOX2/ALDH axis in lung adenocarcinoma

    Zhi-Jie Xiao et al.
    NFATc2 maintains the drug-induced TIC phenotypes through trans-activating SOX2/ALDH1A1 expression and scavenging stress from ROS.
    1. Neuroscience

    Central Dicer-miR-103/107 controls developmental switch of POMC progenitors into NPY neurons and impacts glucose homeostasis

    Sophie Croizier et al.
    Loss miRNA maturation in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons causes metabolic dysregulation and favors the differentiation of Pomc progenitors into neuropeptide Y neurons, a developmental process that appears to specifically involve miR-103/107.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeting light-gated chloride channels to neuronal somatodendritic domain reduces their excitatory effect in the axon

    Jessica E Messier et al.
    A high axonal chloride concentration explains why activation of light-gated chloride channels causes neurotransmitter release, and a novel hybrid somatodendritic targeting motif ameliorates this phenomenon and improves their inhibitory function.

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