3,940 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Gdf3 is required for robust Nodal signaling during germ layer formation and left-right patterning

    Jose L Pelliccia et al.
    Genetic analyses demonstrate that Gdf3/Vg1 is a maternal effect gene required for robust Nodal signaling during different phases of embryogenesis including germ-layer formation, Kupffer's vesicle morphogenesis, and left-right patterning.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Chiral cell sliding drives left-right asymmetric organ twisting

    Mikiko Inaki et al.
    Left-right asymmetric rotation of the Drosophila hindgut is driven by "cell sliding," a novel cellular behavior induced by chiral cell deformation, in which cells change their position relative to subjacent neighbors as sliding directionally.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Notch/Her12 signalling modulates, motile/immotile cilia ratio downstream of Foxj1a in zebrafish left-right organizer

    Barbara Tavares et al.
    Foxj1a makes cilia ultrastructurally motile, while Notch signalling stops cilia movement in Kupffer's vesicle.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Physical limits of flow sensing in the left-right organizer

    Rita R Ferreira et al.
    Large-scale in vivo imaging of the zebrafish left-right organizer (Kupffer's vesicle) combined with fluid dynamics calculations allows to quantitatively test the possible flow detection mechanisms and supports the flow transport of chemical signals as the mechanism of side determination.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit motif in the zebrafish hindbrain for a two alternative behavioral choice to turn left or right

    Minoru Koyama et al.
    Competition between neurons on the left and right sides of the brain drives the decision to turn left versus right in zebrafish, and potentially all vertebrates.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Active torque generation by the actomyosin cell cortex drives left–right symmetry breaking

    Sundar Ram Naganathan et al.
    The actomyosin cytoskeleton generates active chiral torques that lead to left-right asymmetry in C. elegans embryos.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A predictive model of asymmetric morphogenesis from 3D reconstructions of mouse heart looping dynamics

    Jean-François Le Garrec et al.
    A precise sequence of left-right asymmetries, combined with mechanical constraints, is sufficient to drive the looped morphogenesis of the embryonic heart tube, with potential impact for congenital heart defects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the NK2 homeobox gene ceh-24 reveals sublateral motor neuron control of left-right turning during sleep

    Juliane Schwarz, Henrik Bringmann
    A genetic analysis has identified the cholinergic SIA sublateral motor neurons, which innervate all four body wall muscles separately, as crucial regulators of turning around during sleep in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sox1a mediates the ability of the parapineal to impart habenular left-right asymmetry

    Ingrid Lekk et al.
    The sox1a gene is required for a small group on neurons on the left side of the brain to influence the generation and left-sided character of their future synaptic partners.

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