479 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The manifold structure of limb coordination in walking Drosophila

    Brian D DeAngelis et al.
    During walking and turning, the fruit fly Drosophila uses variable limb coordination patterns, which exist on a low-dimensional, continuous manifold.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speed and segmentation control mechanisms characterized in rhythmically-active circuits created from spinal neurons produced from genetically-tagged embryonic stem cells

    Matthew J Sternfeld et al.
    Stem cell derived ventral-spinal cord excitatory neurons self-assemble into a rhythmically bursting neural network whose speed and intercellular coordination are both instructively modulated by cell-type specific interactions with inhibitory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPA receptor mediated synaptic excitation drives state-dependent bursting in Purkinje neurons of zebrafish larvae

    Mohini Sengupta, Vatsala Thirumalai
    In vivo recordings in unanesthetized zebrafish larvae show that Purkinje neurons have two stable membrane potential states and that climbing fiber inputs can toggle them to up states during motor episodes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Direct glia-to-neuron transdifferentiation gives rise to a pair of male-specific neurons that ensure nimble male mating

    Laura Molina-García et al.
    A novel developmental mechanism generates a previously undescribed pair of sex-specific proprioceptive neurons required for male-specific behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct translation of climbing fiber burst-mediated sensory coding into post-synaptic Purkinje cell dendritic calcium

    Seung-Eon Roh et al.
    Purkinje cell dendritic calcium response is finely controlled by the burst activity of climbing fiber during sensory coding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of visual inputs on neural dynamics for coding of location and running speed in medial entorhinal cortex

    Holger Dannenberg et al.
    Spatial accuracy of grid cell firing correlates with the slope of the local field potential theta frequency vs. running speed relationship and integrates velocity signals over past time.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition of striatonigral autophagy as a link between cannabinoid intoxication and impairment of motor coordination

    Cristina Blázquez et al.
    Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol impairs motor coordination in mice by inhibiting autophagy in the striatonigral pathway, thus defining a new conceptual view of how cannabis acts in the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding a neural circuit controlling global animal state in C. elegans

    Patrick Laurent et al.
    Sensory neurons that monitor ambient oxygen control a cascade of responses across multiple layers of interneurons to switch the global state of the nematode C. elegans, reprogramming behavior and gene expression to enable escape from or adaptation to surface exposure.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A kinematic synergy for terrestrial locomotion shared by mammals and birds

    Giovanna Catavitello et al.
    General principles of the limb segment control for terrestrial locomotion have emerged in evolution and highlight the existence of the laws of biological motion that apply to various animal species.
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantification of gait parameters in freely walking wild type and sensory deprived Drosophila melanogaster

    César S Mendes et al.
    Novel imaging experiments suggest that fruit flies modify their neural circuitry for walking at slow, medium and fast speeds, and that proprioception is not essential for coordinated walking.

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