1,020 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The step-wise pathway of septin hetero-octamer assembly in budding yeast

    Andrew Weems, Michael McMurray
    In budding yeast cells, slow monomeric septin GTPase activity and the cytosolic GTP:GDP ratio dictate the relative incorporation of alternative subunits during septin hetero-oligomer assembly, which proceeds by discrete, ordered steps dependent on allostery between interaction interfaces.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Human biallelic MFN2 mutations induce mitochondrial dysfunction, upper body adipose hyperplasia, and suppression of leptin expression

    Nuno Rocha et al.
    Specific human mitofusin 2 mutations induce selective upper body obesity with suppressed leptin expression and severe adipose mitochondrial dysfunction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The role of Cdc42 and Gic1 in the regulation of septin filament formation and dissociation

    Yashar Sadian et al.
    Imaging with electron microscopy and cryo-electron tomography reveals that competition between Cdc42 and Gic1 for the same subunit within septins controls the formation and breakdown of septin filaments.
    1. Cell Biology

    Epsin deficiency impairs endocytosis by stalling the actin-dependent invagination of endocytic clathrin-coated pits

    Mirko Messa et al.
    Epsin has a key role in the coupling of actin to endocytic clathrin coated pits that is required for their maturation and helps capture SNAREs at endocytic clathrin coated pits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anillin facilitates septin assembly to prevent pathological outfoldings of central nervous system myelin

    Michelle S Erwig et al.
    Mature myelin sheaths are scaffolded by the anillin-dependent assembly of septin filaments, thereby facilitating rapid nerve conduction in the healthy CNS.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The serine protease hepsin mediates urinary secretion and polymerisation of Zona Pellucida domain protein uromodulin

    Martina Brunati et al.
    Hepsin is the first protease identified to modulate specific cleavage and secretion of a Zona Pellucida domain protein, uromodulin.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    POMC neurons expressing leptin receptors coordinate metabolic responses to fasting via suppression of leptin levels

    Alexandre Caron et al.
    A subset of hypothalamic POMC neurons that express leptin receptors control metabolic responses to changing energy availability including regulating blood glucose and leptin levels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septin/anillin filaments scaffold central nervous system myelin to accelerate nerve conduction

    Julia Patzig et al.
    A newly identified component in the architecture of the axon/myelin-unit – the septin/anillin scaffold – maintains the structure of myelin in the central nervous system, thereby preventing myelin outfoldings.
    1. Plant Biology

    A lectin receptor kinase as a potential sensor for extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Chenggang Wang et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses demonstrate that cell-surface lectin receptors can potentially function as extracellular NAD+-binding receptors and provide direct evidence for extracellular NAD+ being a bona fide endogenous signaling molecule in plants.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The rosetteless gene controls development in the choanoflagellate S. rosetta

    Tera C Levin et al.
    The establishment of forward genetics in S. rosetta reveals the first gene known to be required for choanoflagellate multicellular development.

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