1,066 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Guanidine hydrochloride reactivates an ancient septin hetero-oligomer assembly pathway in budding yeast

    Courtney R Johnson et al.
    A naturally-occurring small molecule acts as a chemical chaperone in vivo to alter the folding of a budding yeast septin and promote an oligomerization pathway that was lost during evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The rosetteless gene controls development in the choanoflagellate S. rosetta

    Tera C Levin et al.
    The establishment of forward genetics in S. rosetta reveals the first gene known to be required for choanoflagellate multicellular development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The role of Cdc42 and Gic1 in the regulation of septin filament formation and dissociation

    Yashar Sadian et al.
    Imaging with electron microscopy and cryo-electron tomography reveals that competition between Cdc42 and Gic1 for the same subunit within septins controls the formation and breakdown of septin filaments.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane binding controls ordered self-assembly of animal septins

    Agata Szuba et al.
    Nanoscaleimaging reveals that animal septins form dense filamentous networks on biomimeticlipid membranes, explaining how septins may regulate cell surface rigidity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Leptin increases sympathetic nerve activity via induction of its own receptor in the paraventricular nucleus

    Zhigang Shi et al.
    Leptin acts in the paraventricular nucleus to slowly increase sympathetic nerve activity to skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue via induction of its own receptor in TRH glutamatergic neurons.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Predicted glycosyltransferases promote development and prevent spurious cell clumping in the choanoflagellate S. rosetta

    Laura A Wetzel et al.
    A genetic screen reveals that two predicted glycosyltransferases promote rosette development and prevent cell clumping in one of the closest living relatives of animals, the choanoflagellate S. rosetta.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    How oscillating aerodynamic forces explain the timbre of the hummingbird’s hum and other animals in flapping flight

    Ben J Hightower et al.
    A first-principles acoustics model reveals how the acoustic spectrum generated by flapping wings originates from oscillating aerodynamic forces, and is validated by in vivo aerodynamic force measurements and acoustic holography.
    1. Cell Biology

    Human biallelic MFN2 mutations induce mitochondrial dysfunction, upper body adipose hyperplasia, and suppression of leptin expression

    Nuno Rocha et al.
    Specific human mitofusin 2 mutations induce selective upper body obesity with suppressed leptin expression and severe adipose mitochondrial dysfunction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Epsin deficiency impairs endocytosis by stalling the actin-dependent invagination of endocytic clathrin-coated pits

    Mirko Messa et al.
    Epsin has a key role in the coupling of actin to endocytic clathrin coated pits that is required for their maturation and helps capture SNAREs at endocytic clathrin coated pits.
    1. Cell Biology

    CB1R regulates soluble leptin receptor levels via CHOP, contributing to hepatic leptin resistance

    Adi Drori et al.
    The hepatic endocannabinoid/CB1R system controls the soluble leptin receptor’s expression and/or subsequent release by Trib3-induced regulation of C/EBP homologous protein levels in hepatocytes to affect leptin signaling in the liver.

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